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Full text of "The gold miners [microform] : a sequel to The pathless west"

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/APPLIED IM/IGE In 

1653 Enst Main Street 

RochnUr. New Vork 14609 LI5A 

(716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 

(716) 288- 5989 - Fo> 



THE GOLD MINERS 



By Mrs. F. E. HERRING 



NOW READY. 
CANADIAN CAMP LIFE. 

Second Edition. Crown Svo. 
Illustrated. Price 3/6. 

NAN, AND OTHER PIONEER WOMEN 
OF THE WEST. 

Crown Svo. Price 3/6. 
ENA. A Simple Story ol a Girl'a Life. 

Crown Svo. Price 3/6. 
THE GOLD MINERS. A sequel to the 
" Pathless West." 

Crown Svo. Price 3/6. 

IN PREPARATION. 

AMONG THE PEOPLES OF BRITISH 
COLUMBIA. 

Second Edition. Fully Illustrated. 
IN THE PATHLESS WEST. 

Second Edition. Fully Illustrated. 



Lqhdoii! FUANCIS GRIFFITHS. 




KH.IXCES E. HERHINc. 



THE 



GOLD MINERS 



A Sequel to The Pathlet* Wert 



BY 



FRANCES E. HERRING 

▼»th a FMic* by higt F. ▼. How«y 



LONDON: 

FRANCIS GRIFFITHS 

34. MAIDEN LANE, STRAND, W.C. 

I914 



P - 5^ V G S 



1 

i 



CONTENTS 

CHAP. 

PutrACI, «V JUBO£ F. W. HOWAY - 

I. Hkdinc Cattlc 

II. WOWUNO F0« THB JeW— INDIANS BUYIN^ 

— Indian Potlatch 

III. Makes a niw fiieno and ntAvus with 

HIM TO not Caiiboo }u> Fixlds • 

IV. Bio Bbktha 

V. Tut Muiou or Smith Addltx - 

Yi. Exit Minus roi th> Winixk— Th . 

Thut or thc SiLYia Spoons - 
Tii. SAPPns AMD Minus at wosk and pla 
— Th« Avai^ancrb— Stories of the 
Road Pasty — Mule teams 

vin. CuNTON— Thompson Riteb Indians— 
Gambuno — Potlatch — Tribal 
Customs — As Indian Romance 
IX. Last Gold Escort of the Season — A 
Mountain S-^rm — Left 
X. Bill Bristol — The Squattis Ch:<f 
— The Six Scotchmen — Communxty 
House — Visiting Indians — Fish 
Dance 

xt. Going to the Californian Gold Fields 



PAGE 

9 

>3 



»7 
33 
35 



— Captain Van Wick 



XII. The 



the 



Captain's 

Mining 



Death — Billy leaves 
Camp — Jack's Good 



Luck— Hi leaves for New York 



39 



43 



SO 



57 



6i 



75 



8t 



CONTENTS— CoNiiKuiD. 



XIV. 



xvm. 



Visits New Yowt— New Yeas's Calls 
—Makes Mbs. Van Wick's and 
Nettie's acquaintance — The 
widow's tboobles — Jack in love - 

The family fbom New York— The 
«>HoiT boasoek— The Robbing and 
Elopement— Divorce and Marsuge 

Jack proposes to the widow— Their 

MARRIAGE — ThE CLEVER LAWYER — 

Return to Californm - 
Mr. Huddersfield— His bereavement 
—Leaves Ireland for the United 
States— Public Speaker— His son- 
in-law elect — His Daughter's 
Wedding 

Mrs. Huddersfield makes new plans 
—The uttle widow— The English 
OLD MAID — Mr. Huddersfield takes 

THE ladies FOR A DRIVE— F ALLS OUT 
WITH THE OLD MAID — PROPOSES TO 

Bessie — Exeunt Htn>DERSFiSLD 
Jack Gayforo provides a home for his 
FAMILY- Re-union of Jack and 
Billy— Sight-seeing in San Fran- 
cisco— Marruoe of Bessie and 
Billy — Old Friends in new 
quarters 



88 



94 



100 



loa 



109 



118 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



Frances E. Herbinc • • ■ Frontisfiece 

FACINO PAOB 

Indian Potlatch at Clinton, B.C. - • 14 

Spence's Bride and Freight Waggons - 33 

Mule Team with Freight for Cariboo 48 

Thompson River Chief • - • 65 

Indian Encampment .... So 

Ox Team at Yale for Cariboo - - 07 

Seal Rock, Pacific Ocean • iia 



PREFACE 



No page of history is more replete with varied 
hicident than that which records the story of the 
Pacific slope from 1849 *» '875. It was a mad race 
for gold. In this hurly-burly, British Columbia occu- 
pies a very prominent position, though the conditions 
were totally different from those prevailing in Cali- 
fornia, not only politically and climatically, but socially. 
Without its golden magnet, California had, for years, 
been drawing a steady draft of population across the 
praries; British Columbia on the other hand, was the 
fur-preserve of the Hudson Bay Company, and such it 
would doubtless have remained, until in the gradual 
process of evolution our race should have advanced 
beyond the praries and 'Jirough the mountain wall. 

In the spring of 1858, news spread abroad that the 
nameless region, through which flowed the Fraser, 
contained Andavari's hoard. Nothing could have been 
more opportune. 

In California, the days of placer mining had passed 
away. They had been succeeded by quartz and 
hydraulic mining— in which the individual miner has 
no place. Stagnation reigned. Dissatisfaction and 
despondency possessed the mining population. Very 
joyfully therefore they hailed the rising of the new 
yellow star in the North. 



10 



PREFACE 



The remotenets, the mere inaccessibility of the Eraser 
with its golden sands, added a charm — were in some 
strange way regarded as evidence of a rich region, — for 
the North ever lured the miner, as the West lured the 
mariner. 

At "Hce began an inrush of eager fortune hunters. 
Within three months some thirty thousand persons 
crowded into the unorganized territory then loosely 
called New Caledonia. By every kind of conveyance 
on land and water they hurried to El Dorado. No 
nation was unrepresented in that gathering. Oh ! what 
a motley crowd they were! eager adventurers blown 
from the four corners of the earth. Thirty thousand 
moths fluttering "round a yellow candle!" 

In an instant the whole face of British Columbia 
was changed, as though Aladdin had rubbed his lamp 
and bidden its obedient Genii to people the land. Up 
the Eraser the miners made their way, testing and trying 
with pan and rocker every bar and every bench upon 
its banks. The awful and forbidding canyons deterred 
them not. Upward, still upward, with unabated zeal, 
toiled the more adventurous, remorselessly, relentessly 
following the trail of the Gold. Close upon their 
heels came the trader and the packer; and b ' ind them 
the representatives of law and order. 

Within two years the Gold had been traced to his 
lair amid the mountain fastnesses of Cariboo. In that 
region of 

" Crags, knolls, and mounds confusedly hurled, 
The remnants of an earlier world," 



PREFACE 



II 



he made his last stand. Hidden sixty and seventy feet 
below the surface, he thought himself safe. But with 
indomitable perseverance the search went on, and soon 
the glittering metal was dragged from his hiding place 
to reward the toilers and serve the purpose of man. 

The Cariboo region lay some four hundred miles 
beyond Yale, the head of navigation on the Fraser. 
To enable access to be obtained to its rich creeks, the 
Cariboo road was constructed. Buiit in three years by 
an infant colony at an expense of over a million dollars, 
through a region some portions of which scarcely 
afforded foothold for a goat, it was alike the pride of the 
colony and a source of wonder and admiration to its 
visitors. Along that mighty highway a tide of restless 
humanity serged forward and backward, to and from 
the great gold fields. 

The story of those days is as Joaquin Miller says: 
"A tale half told and hardly understood, 
A tale it is, of lands of gold 
That lay towards the sun." 

The bald facts, the bare statistics of the time are 
only the dry bones — the skeleton — of the story. The 
local color which is necessary to make that strange, 
rough, yet gentle, life, understood by those of to-day, 
can only be given by one who has lived and moved 
in that time and amongst that people. 

The author of this book has been for many years a 
resident of British Columbia, and has enjoyed an unique 
opportunity of becoming acquainted with that life, by 
personal contact with many of its principal actors, who 
have long since stepped off the stage. 



ta 



PREFACE 



"Old ameri" will recognise, even through the veil 
■nany of d,e incident* .he mention.. For inwance, 
Chapter IV. will recall to their memoiy the trial and 
conviction of one Barry for the murder of his travel- 
ling companion, a trial which owing to the peculiar 
evidence, attracted much attention at the time 



Judge F. W. Howay. 



Ntw Westminster, B.C., 
April gih, iftj. 



THE GOLD MINERS 



CHAPTER I 



HIROING CATTLB 



Whw we Iwt heard of Billy he had ju,t returned 
from hB enforced sojourn among the Northern Indians 
of Bnash Columbia, was dressed in the queer con- 
gtomeration of garments given him by the sailors on 
board the southbound Hudson's Bay ship, and he was 
looking for work. 

With the few dollars which had been collected for 
hun on board he replaced the more glaringly conspicuous 
articles of his dress, and with the assistance of his old 
fnend Mrs. Ackers, who, it will be remembered declined 
to put on " French and frills," some even of these were 
made to do service. 

It was one of the very hard winters occasionally 
experienced here, and Billy was glad to get employ- 
ment from a butcher till the "spring broke" which 
was then the sign for activities to be renewed. 

As these activities consisted in mining, clearing land, 
making roads, surveying and mapping out the new 
country, those so employed, naturally flocked to the 
little city for the winter, where some semblance of 
pnvate hospitality and public amusement could be 
obtained. 



I! 



»4 



THE GOLD MINERS 



Men went out in large parties to thdr different 
employments in May, and naturally they required big 
supplies of beef, so it occurred to the butcher for whom 
Billy worked, to drive a band of cattle out into the 
country, where there was any amount of grass to be 
had for nothing, to kill his stock as it was required, and 
make the cattle "pack themselves" to the scene of 
their slaughter. 

Billy was promised twenty-five dollan a month if 
he would go along as general handy man or boy. 

The offer was tempting, and the lad accepted it with 
something of misgiving. A herd of range cattle was 
brought out over the Hope Trail, and driven to a point 
along the river, whence the beef could be easily 
distributed by steamboat or trail. 

It was a long and arduous drive, and they had but 
one pack horse to carry tent, blankets, pots, kettles and 
provisions. 

The butcher was a large, heavy man, but he 
frequently burdened the quiet old mare with his own 
weight, promising Billy they would ride, turn and turn 
about; for the lad was by this time bare footed and 
limped painfully along. But Bill's turn and turn about 
was mfrequent and of short duration. 

They journeyed very slowly in order to let the 
animals feed as they went, and stopped eariy enough 
to collect the band, and give to each a handful of salt, 
as they seldom left the spot where this much desired 
delicacy had been served until the sun rose next morn- 
ing, usually lying down till then. 

A good sale of dressed beef having been made to the 
Government road party, the butcher made it an excuse 



THE GOLD MINERS 15 

to go to town for nippliet; m indeed they were running 
pretty ihort 

The Indians of the different tribes i- hI to plant their 
potatoes in the most easily worked pbvches of land on 
their reservations. 

These pottto patches were surrounded by fences of 
split cedar some six feet high. As they had no know- 
ledge of the use of nails, they sharpened the split cedar 
at one end, drove them into the ground, usually at any 
angle that came easiest, and to any depth for the same 
reason. The effect of this rude construction can be 
imagined. 

They left the old men and squaws to look after these 
attempts at cultivation, and also to catch, dry and smoke 
Mimon, gather berries, which, like the salmon, they 
dried m the sun for winter use. 

The younger ones took their families and camped 
near the saw mills and logging camps, where the 
stalwart braves earned good wages while the inclination 
for work was upon them. 

The Siwash never went on any excursion for work 
or pleasure, without his squaw and papooses. You 
would see the Fraser River Indians coming down, their 
canoes piled with all their household goods and chattels, 
even to the dogs and chickens. Camping where night 
overtook them, or, if the weather was bad, making for 
the community house of some friendly tribe. 

As Billy and his Boss journeyed back from deliver- 
ing, their beef, they came upon a pouto patch, and 
helped themselves to some of the tubers. 

The Boss, in all probability, had imbibed sufficient 
whiskey at the road camp to make him morose, for he 



t* 



THE GOLD MINERS 



rode the inirc all the way, nuking Billy chaM the 
cattle into line. 

But Billy had one unall help, and that wu the colti 
it would follow it* mother, and poor tired Billy hung 
on to its tail and nude it pull him up hill, and over 
the roughest place*. 

They atopped for the mid-day meal, and a* they had 
but one pot which wa« intended for the making of tea 
or coffee, they had to cook lonie of the purloined 
poBtoe* in it first. 

The Boa* undertook thu delicate operation hinuelf, 
while Billy brought up wood, and fried the bacon. 

Re-arranging his lire, the Boss overturned the kettle 
and its contents, sei.-^in^ a cloud of steam into his face 
and eyes, and putting him into a rage, he kicked the 
unfortunate kettle over the precipice, and then began 
to wonder how they would get any tea. 

He ordered Billy down after it, but Billy, creeping 
to the edge, looked down at the little black speck away 
below, and declined to essay the venture. It was in 
vain to threaten to chuck Billy after it. 

In that case the Boss had to meander down after it 
himself. 

This put him in an evil temper for the day, and when 
they started again, he rode the mare and Billy hung on 
to the tail of the colt. 

They came to the last steep descent before their final 
camp by the Fraser, and the Boss sent Billy ahead to 
urge the cattle to cross a forri in the stream which 
rushes down to join the main liver. 

One animal, with great branciiing horns and staring 
eyes, seemed to have taken a spedal antipathy to Billy, 



I 






THE GOLD MINERS 
of going towirdi the ford. 



>7 



turned 



*nd instead of ( 

cha«ed the boy. w 

... . " ■■- o— •■"' ""•/ ni» lui nour, out 

hif latt minute had arrived. 

With the instinct of selt-protecrion, Billy law a huge 
log ahead of him with a hollow beneath. He threw 
himMlf into this and rolled under ju.t a. the bull', 
horns made an impact upon the fallen monster. Over 
went the bull, and in his astonishment, forgot Billy. 
All the cattle were taken over, the provisions and 
blankets carefully carried by the Boss to keep them dry, 
and the old mare had been repacked with it all, when 
a terrified whinny came from the colt, which had been 
forgotten. 

The mare called and the colt started to swim over 
but came into contact with the forked limb of a huw 
tree which had fallen into the creek, and there, wiTh 
itt head over the fork and its feet frantically pawing 
the water, it whinned for htlp. 

They knew it would be of no use to t- to get the 
mare to go off and leave her colt, so skying many 
unpleasant things, the Boss sent Billy to crawl alone 
the tree trunk and extricate the little animal. 

In his own excitement, the Boss let go the mare 
and away she started pack and all into the deep water' 
after the colt. She managed to release the poor little 
creature and swam back to shore with it. 

But alas for her pack, the blankets were soaked, the 
sugar had disappeared, the flour and tea were wet — 
only the salt, or part of it which was packed upon ihe 
top bemg left. The rage of the Boss was beyond 
control, he seized a butcher knife and racing after the 
colt threatened to kill it, but the colt kept out of his 



i8 



THE GOLD MINERS 



reach, and they arrived at their final camping place, 
set up camp, and the Boss got upon one of the rivei 
steamboats and made his escape to town. 

Billy, left alone with the cattle, pitched his tent near 
the trail on the edge of the forest, and every night went 
and laid handfuls of salt in a circle on the ground. 
Soon he would see a pair of horns push their way 
through the underbrush, then others, till the circle 
seemed enclosed by branching horns and staring eyes, 
and Billy, as he cooked his supper by the lone camp 
fire, shivered as he looked. Then the animals would 
venture into the open one by one, and the stillness was 
broken as each crashed out and took up its stand where 
the salt had been placed, and in the morning the ground 
would be licked into a hole, by which the animals had 
laid down and slept till dawn. 

One evening Billy was cooking his supper, and with 
it some of the stolen potatoes, when a form appeared, 
coming up out of the forest trail. 

It came silently on and others followed. They 
stopped at his camp, took off the kettle of potatoes, fried 
all the bacon that was left, squatted round and eat 
everything they could lay hands on. Billy knew enough 
of the Indians not to cross them, and he stood by, only 
hoping they would leave something for him. 

Supper finished they searched his camp, took the 
blankets and even the battered kettle, and were march- 
ing off, when one of them spied Bill's waistcoat. 

Now Billy loved red, and among his winter purchases 
had been a red wool waistcoat, as they were then called. 
The Indians made a sign for him to take it off. Very 
slowly the lad complied, and was left with no garment 



THE GOLD MINERS ,9 

but his cotton shirt upon him, and that his good friend, 
Mrs. Ackers, had made out of flour sacks, and the' 
Indians disdained it. 

Fortunately an old coat of the Bosses was left hang- 
ing up under the tree where the apparyo and bridle for 
the mare had been placed, and Billy rolled himself in 
chat and went supperless to sleep, congratulating him- 
self upon the fact that the Indians had left the tent. 

But his troubles were not over for the night. As 
he slept he became conscious of a rumbling noise, and 
then the ground seemed to shake under him, and when 
he opened his eyes the stars were shining above him, 
and fleeing forms were passing down the forest trail in 
wild confusion. 
The cattle had stampeded. 

After the last hoof had p^^sed Billy followed a little 
way down the trail and came upon what was left of 
his tent. 

Reflecting that the cattle could not go far in this 
direction, and it would be useless to follow them, he 
put up his tent as best he could to shelter him from the 
heavy dews and slept till morning. 

Searching his camp ground he found a few potatoes 
and a little rice. The latter was useless as he had 
nothing to cook it in, and he roasted some potatoes for 
his breakfast. 

Then he made his way to the river, and signalled i 
passmg boat, by hoisting his shirt upon a stick. 

The Captain came in near enough to hail him, and 
heanng of his plight sent him several garments and 
some supplies ashore in a boat, and promised to take him 



I 

.11 

pill 



20 



THE GOLD MINERS 



and the cattle to town next trip down, if the Boss had 
not put in an appearance by then. 

The Savages had left the salt as it was away from 
Bill's camp, so he spread it round in hopes the cattle 
would remember and come back for it, which they did, 
but whether they were all there or not was more than 
he could tell. 

When the Captain ciiled on his way down the Boss 
had arrived with supplies, but Billy refused to remain 
with him and went down with the boat to town. 

When confronted by Billy at the Captain's instiga- 
tion with a bill for his wages, he declared he had only 
promised fifteen dollars a month, and this was all he 
would pay. 



CHAPTER II 



W. IWNO FOR THE JEW— INDIANS BUYING— INDIAN 
POTLATCH 

Now if there was anything the "old-timers" despised. 
It was a Jew. One of these people had a store on the 
water front, and did a big trade with the Indians. He 
also possessed a squaw wife, to whom he had been duly 
married by the Priest who had lived among and taught 
her tribe, and there was a numerous family. 

No one was more despised than the squaw-m^n, even 
by the Indians themselves, and Nathan Cons was also 
deeply abhorred by the whites. He was too successful 
for one thing, and for another, none of these simple 
minded people could put their wits against his in a 
business transaction; for Cons always came out ahead 
As some said, they had the experience, but Cons had 
the cash. 

Billy was just the person he w.- looking for, he 
could speak Chinook, and he understood handling the 
Indians. Time seemed to be an unknown quantity 
with them, and they would squat around for hours 
making up their minds what they wanted, or perhap^ 
only listlessly feeling an interest in the place or the 
stock, or the store keeper. 

The only piece of advice Cons gave Billy was this : 



21 



THE GOLD MINERS 



When Siw-shes want to buy something, don't leave 
them. Make the first sale, even if you lose by it: for 
[f they quit without buying what they start on, you'll 
likely get none of their trade; but if they make a start, 
you 11 likely clean 'em out before they get away 
Throw m a chunk of tobacco for the bucks, needles 
and thread for the squaws, and sticks of peppermint 
candy for the papooses." 

The Indians were great for wearing charms against 
sickness. One day a big buck was standing round the 
store and Billy became conscious of a strong odour of 
skunk. As it was nothing unusual for one of the 
animals to inhabit the roof of the one story shack, and 
chase the mice and rats over the calico ceiling, Billy 
took no notice for a time, but finding the proximity 
of the buck increased the unpleasantness, he noticed 
when the Siwash let his blanket, the only covering he 
was wearing, fall back, that he displayed the pretty 
black and white skin of a skunk, like that of a kitten 
tied round his neck. ' 

Billy called his attention to the fact. He erinned 
and remarked, " Na-wit-ka. Hyas shookum humm. 
Halo shick tum turn." (Yes, big strong smell. No sick 
heart me.) 

Billy thought if smell had anything to do with pre- 
serving him, Che Siwash had a good chance to escape 
infection of any kind; for the smell of the skunk is 
particularly nauseating, people have been known to 
collect woosted and woosted rags ar..-' burn them in a 
closed room, thinking the odcar, unpleasant as it is 
preferable to that of the skunk. ' 

But Billy had made a hit with the man, who returned 



THE GOLD MINERS 



23 



with a number of his tribe, headed by a decrepit, malo- 
dorous old squaw, whose tatters would not have covered 
her, had she not worn the usual blanket, fastened at 
the nether with a huge bone pin, such as the Indians 
carved out for themselves. 

This lot stood around for a while, and then squatting 
in a circle, made Billy understand they wanted blankets. 
Following Cons' instructions, he handed out sticks of 
candy to the papooses, and passed around soda crackers 
to the elders. They held the crackers in their hands 
and looked at Billy, who was at a loss to know what 
was lacking. When one of them said " mel-ass " 
(molasses) and he handed them a jug of " black strap," 
as the special brand of molasses these people affected, 
was called. 

They regaled on the crackers till the jug of molasses, 
which they kept passing round, was exhausted; then, 
wiping their hands and mouths on their blankets and 
clothes, they proceeded with the business which had 
brought them to the store. 

The decrepit old squaw, who sat at the head, inti- 
mated that a bale of blankets must be opened. They 
would not think of buying a whole, unopened bale at 
once, as they would he perfectly incapable of adding 
up the sum total for one thing, and for another, the 
joy of the barter would be of too short duration. 

Billy opened a bale of blue Hudson's Bay blankets. 
No; the squaw wanted red. He passed the first one to 
the woman. She examined its ends, sides and middle, 
and passed it on around the squatting circle. The 
blanket, being without flaw, was accepted; and the 
squaw, diving among her rags, brought out the price. 



m 



H THE GOLD MINERS 

doli '""'''^ °"" ""^ P"" °f ''•^h »'"■<:'« 'n silver half 
The Indians were doubtful of paper monev Tu,„ 

cutting a notch as a day went bv or , A,> ' 

Billy frequently had 'toTr „ ^' fa",'' j° f "^ ^^ *" '• 

room behind the store, and big tc^riL t^ '"'° " 

would push it under his bed till Lrg. " """ "' 

and°wo.et; ^It h^e T^^at "^ ^ ^■^^'^'""^ -■-. 
.•n^t-.-nLureSdl-te^;U":Zr3 



M 



THE GOLD MINERS 25 

looked somewhat fearfully around, but finding the noise 
came from overhead, among the rafters, waited and 
trembled Looking up he saw a bright eye peering 
down, through a hole in the canvas ceiling, and at first 
took It for a mouse and threw something at it, when 
h.s mmd was speedily set at rest on that point as the 
penetratmg odour of skunk filled the a-r, and finding it 
WM nothmg more he went thankfully to sleep till day- 
light, when he got up, counted the contents of the soap 
box, and locked it carefully away in the safe. 

Now Con had a partner in his business, who was 
mate on one of the river steamers, and his part on the 
conder was to collect orders as he went up and down 
the Fraser. He was a man of gigantic stature, and he 
possessed one of the -^^.iest squaws in the country, one- 
eyed, bad tempered, and masterful. When she became 
too obstreperous he would beat her into what he con- 
sidered a proper frame of mind. He had been occupied 
m this pleasing manner upon his return from his last 
trip up country, then to salve his conscience, had gone 
off on a gambling bout. 

Billy had hardly locked up the safe and hidden the 
key away when the mate, red eyed for want of sleep 
and furious from his nights losses, rushed in and 
demanded the key of the safe, which consisted of a box 
built of stone and fitted with an iron door. He wanted 
fifteen hundred dollars right away-and marched to the 
puny lad threatening all sorts of dire calamities if Billv 
refused to comply with his gentle request. 

But Billy refused, and escaped through his bedroom 
window, the key in his pocket, and set off for the home 
of Cons. 



26 



THE GOLD MINERS 



The latter being afraid to fcce his partner in th, 
tnp, and the uproarious mate with it. 



CHAPTER III 

MAKES A NEW FRIEND AND TRAVELS WITH HIM TO 
THE CARIBOO GOLD FIELDS 



Billy made many acquaintances in the store of Nathan 
Cons, mostly men outfitting for the Cariboo Gold 
Fields. Up to the present none had appealed to him 
except a young fellow, some ten years his senior, who 
had just returned from San Francisco where he had 
been to spend the winter and to board with some New 
York people, whom he had met on his outward trip. 

He had given his name as Jack, and as he had been 
known in Cariboo, so was called Cariboo Jack, and no 
one asked for any other name; indeed, it was sometimes 
unsafe to inquire into the antecedents of these roving 
miners. 

Cariboo Jack seemed to have no boon companions, 
and often topped into Cons store to bay some house- 
hold necessities, and he and Billy became quite good 
chums. Naturally Jack talked of Cariboo, and of the 
wonderful strikes some of the miners happened upon, 
seldom mentioning the total wrecks and failures of the 
majority. 

For himself he had made good wages, and was return- 
ing thither as soon as the season opened, and the river 
boats and stages again plied to that El Dorado. 



■{ 



» THE GOLD MINERS 

Billy bectnie inipired with the gold fever too. »d 
ni.de up hi. mind to tuvel with Jack. 811^^ 

to much, .nd the Cariboo trip was very exoenZ 

centTj; t aril^'d'i.^^^e '"s°„!f ?"• "■' """■"^ 
May Mw them ^li!! 4 . °"' *■"' mof'ng in 

^If with w /' '"*. " ^^' """'"'' '«"• P™^<l«d him! 
d^lh7t T"'^T' '"-'^"""■ng his small face Z 

tt^^'V ^""'J-^^"' °"™" ''"■^'. » cartridge l^h 
w.th a p.stoI stuck in a belt on one side and a bow^ 
knife on the other much as he had seen some of 2 

^-^r^TandT^I^^Xrh- 

^ii'w^i'Si'i;;;^ rSdVi r;^^- -- 

Now th.s would have cleaned him out. He couWnV 
afford to leave his clothing behind, so he retired fir ' 
few mmutes, donned all the clothing he couM A 
stuffed the rest into his pockets. Sed „ .H^^ 
although uncomfortable, it was not I~,v-^ ^' 

.a^ge and indeed Bill^ onl, bJLuTs^Tso^. 
of the sturdy mmers occupied 

C^ZTl ^^ '?«' '"'^ ^'' *« '^° came to what 
Canboo Jack considered the end of their tether /n^Ti, 
saw the stage drive off without them. ^Ta m tZ 



THE GOLD MINERS 



»9 



morning, leaving to plod through the mow, carrying 
their belongings on their backs. 

The snow became soft as soon as the day vv ,re on, 
and their going was correspondingly difficult. 

They arrived at a roadside house some hours after 
dark, very cold and hungry, and found two other 
travellers ahead of them. 

They paid their dollar each for a supper of bacun and 
beans, soggy bread and boiled tea, and enquired for a 
bed. "Well," said the hotel keeper, " they's on'y one 
bed m the house to spare, and if you four men can 
make out on it, it'll on'y cost a dollar a-piece." 

The four accordingly mounted the rough ladder to 
shelter under the roof, and found a single mattress and 
half a blanket. 

It was better than being out in the open, that was all 
you could say about the accommodation before them. 

The four eyed the mattress, and then looked each 
other over. 

One of the men threw himself down, apparently to 
see how much the others would stand. He soon found 
himself booted off that, and consented to take the mat- 
tress lengthwise, lay upon it their heads and shoulders 
and so make out for the night. 

They were up before four o'clock, getting a breakfast 
the counterpart of their last night's supper and at the 
same price. 

They secured all the pieces left when the landlord's 
back was turned, and made sure of the midday meal they 
had missed the day before. Several days and nights thus 
spent brought them nearer Barkerville, and Billy found 
it harder each day to keep up with Cariboo Jack, 



.1 



30 THE GOLD MINERS 

•Ithough the latter carried the boy', crpet bag ,„d 
helped him along all he could. Billy, footsore and 
weary begged Cariboo Jack to let him lie down and 

Cariboo Jack insisted on the outward rjsh, brand- 
»hmg a stick over the exhausted lad, and threatening 
to lick him out of his skin if he refused to proceed 

Past all threats and too drowsy with the cold and 
fatigue, Billy stretched himself out on the snow, his 
concertina under his head, deaf to threat or persuasion. 
Cariboo Jack couldn't carry him, nor would he leave 
him. What to do he didn't know. 

After standing for some time in perplexity, he heard 
the welcome sound of sleigh bells, and driving up on 
the trail came the most noted gambler of the region 
He was wrapped in fur coat and cap, and was being 
drawn along behind a pair of good horses 

" "k" ""f^L ^! "" """" '"'• ^y> ""° """"d '° know 
what the hell was the matter now." His tone was 
not encouraging, and his words not very cordial, but 
under the gambler's roughness was the brunt of the eood 
Samaritan Finding not a tragedy, but only an 
«hausted boy he got out, helped to lift Billy to the foot- 
!>oard, climbed in again, took oh his fur coat, wrapped 

into Barkerville, had h.m fed and put warmly to bed. 

There was no room for CariTwo Jack, but what did 
he care, he trudged in a few hours afterwards, carrying 
Billys truck and his own, and located himself in a cabin 
he knew of on the hillside, he was joined by Billy and 
the two proceeded to make themselves comfortable 

Now Billys mining life began. The two would 



THE GOLI» MINERS 3, 

come out of , riiaft k> covered with mud, you would 
hardly distinguish humanity from its original clay. One 
night Billy was awakened by a splashing outside the 
cabin and awakened Jack to know what it could be 

Only the fellers uking a bath in that other old 
cabin I guess," replied Jack sleepily, and was again in 
dreamland. 

„,7'!f •rf''"'""?l '"'" ""• ""'' 2''"y 'bought to him. 
sen, I hose fellows must be very fond of using cold 
water when he felt the cabin -ock, water gushed in 
and the two comrades were thrown from their bunks 
to the floor. 

Jack was wide awake enough though now, and called. 

Grab your clothes and run." But the cabin was 

jammed over on its side, and they crawled through the 

window, for Billy to tind he had left his purse under 

his pillow with what little money he had in them 

Against Jack's advice hi: returned s.iuck a match 
and received his precious articles, but the cabin turned 
over again, fortunately the door upwards this time 
through which he escaped and landed just in time to 
see the water burst its bounds and carry the cabin 
surging down the creek. Such a narrow escape upset 
Billys Idea of the romance of mining, and he resolved 
to seek more congenial employment. 

He found it with a German who kept a general store 
and batched in the back part of it. 

Part of Billy's duties at this time was to cook dinner 
Now, though potatoes and bread were very dear beef 
was comparatively cheap, as it was brought up the 
hoof killed and stowed away in natural cold storage 
So this German would have say two roasts of meat, and 



ill 



3» THE GOLD MINERS 

insist upon both being cooked the same day, but only 
seven potatoes all the same size were carefully doled 
out, and these were supplemented by the everlastine 
boiled beans. ° 

Billy was serving in this store, equipped in his cow- 
boy costume, his pistol and knife proudly in evidence 
when the chief of police, a big red-headed, good-natured 
bcotchman, one of the sappers and miners came along, 
and asked him in no measured terms, what he was 
masqueraded in that get up for, and advised him to get 
into his usual togs. 

This Billy did, for if there was one thing the boy 
could not stand, it was ridicule. 

Billy wanted to cook a lot of potatoes, so as to have 
some cold to fry for breakfast, but no; the storekeeper^ 
say, "To-morrow! you not know to-morrow come 
To-day! To-day! Get ready for to-day. Perhaps no 
to-morrow." 



\ 






i! 



s 



% 




CHAPTER IV 



BIG BERTHA 

Everyone had to repair to the post office to get their 
own mail, and while waiting there one day Billy saw a 
gigantic woman enter, look around, and then fire a pistol 
at a man near him. Some one put out the lights, and 
others, near the woman, secured her arms 

When the lights were put on again, men were seen 
crowding to the door, flat on their faces, o. hiding behind 
the counter from which the mail was distributed. 

big Bertha, however, broke away from her captors 
and seizing the newly lighted lamp hurled it at the 
offender, who it seemed after marrying her had gone 
off with another woman. 

Poor thing, her real story was pitiful enough, and no 
one would wonder at the state of mind to which she 
had been reduced. 

People often remarked that through all her vicissitudes 
an old mulatto always stayed by her; till it transpired 
that he was her uncle. After this white man had 
married m the South, and spent all her white father's 

money, he had taken her to City, and made her 

get his living for him, and then abused her in return 

Fortunately for her the old uncle traced her up, and 
as Big Bertha decided if she had to get her living on 

the downward grade on which the man who should have 
r 



I t 1 

I' 



34 



THl GOLD MINERS 



held her sacred, had itarted her, the would keep the 
proceeds herself. 

Ooasionally, however, in fits of remorse or f.,ry, she 
would drink herself beyond control, and then in her 
mighty strength and her fierce anger, no one but the 
old coloured man could soothe her. 

The only punishment meted out to her for her 
escapade, was a warning to leave the place which she 
did. Some years afterwards she was seen near New 
Orleans, livmg quietly, with the old uncle a shining 
light in the Free Methodist Church, presided over by 
an attentuated coloured pastor, who was paying hk 
respects to the wealthy widow of his community. For 
Big Bertha always had her savings bank account. 

Vl^en accosted by this man who had known her in 
the North, she looked at him seriously and said, "I 
was driven by one man to git my living through many 
men. Most women get their living, in the same way 
by one man. Adding after a moment's reflection "I 
dare say you have no call to ' cast the firet stone at me.' " 
He knew he had no call to cast it, and had the grace 
to go and leave her to such peace as could come to her 



CHAPTER V 






THE MUBOER OF SMITH ADDLER 

Now a miner named Smith Addler, who had made his 
pile, disappeared on his trip to the coast, and no trace 
of him could be found. He, however, had a friend with 
whom he had mined and batched, and naturally some 
suspicion attached to this man, although he had not 
started down with him. 

Smith Addler sending on his gold dust by express, had 
started to walk to Barkerville alone. 

When at a wayside house he hid occasion to take 
some money from his belt, he was sutpt;sed to find him- 
self not alone in the room. The stranger started out 
to walk with Smith Addler. If Smith Addler waited 
over a day or two the stranger did the same. On 
reaching another wayside house Smith Addler came upon 
Moses, a coloured barber from Barkerville, a big, burly, 
good-natured fellow, to whom he told his trouble and 
expressed his fear, telling Moses if anything happened 
to him it would be caused by ths man. Moses went 
on to his desb'nabon and returned to Barkerville. 

A few days later Moses met Bertog, whom he had 
seen with Smith Addler in the streets of Barkerville. 
"Hullo! I see you've got in. What's become of your 
chum?" '^ 



36 



THE GOLD MINERS 



•Oh!" returned Bertog, "got cold feet. Couldn't 
wait for him, left him behind." No more notice was 
taken of this rill several days later, when iMoses again 
met Bertog, and asked, " Has your chum got in yet'" 
Bertog got angry at Moses, and said, "It's none o' your 
business. What do I know about him. I'm not 
lookm' after him am I? If you mention him to me 
agam, I'll blow yer black head off!" 

This disturbed Moses, and he began to have strong 
suspicions that everything was not as it should be 

In the meantime Smith Addler's former mate had 
been to one of the Dance Halls, and there while danc- 
ing with one of the girls noticed upon her hand Smith 
Addlers ring, and fastened in her dress a gold nugget 
pin. Of the latter he was very positive, as the pin had 
been broken off, and the jeweller in mending it had 
^t the nugget wrong end up. He supposed Smith 
Addler had given them to her, but he asked carelessly. 
Where did you get this pin and ring?" To his 
suiprise she told him Bertog had given them to her, 
and had also left some blankets there, and told her she 
could have them if she liked. Dobs asked to see them 
and also recognised them as Smith Addler's. ' 

Now Moses' was the only barber shop in Barkerville 
so of course all affairs, important or trivial were dfc! 
cussed there. When Dobs required the services of Moses 
he told the old man about the finding of Smith Addler's 
effects in possession of the dancing girl, and of her 
confession as to where she got them. Moses was so 
much disturbed that he couldn't go to bed, and he sat 
in his barber's chair, thinking over the matter, till he 
fell asleep. 



THE GOLD MINERS 



37 



In the front of the shop was a small window; glass 
being very expensive, no windows were of a conspicuous 
size. This window of course looked on to the side- 
walk. 

Moses dreamed that he saw Smith Addlet pass by 
and look in. So realistic was the dream that he instantly 
jumped up, ran to the door and opened it, intending to 
call Smith Addler, but of course there was no Smith 
Addler on the sidewalk. 

Moses went back to his chair still pondering over this 
strange illusion, when, soon after daylight, the little 
mining sheet that was printed in the town began to be 
distributed, and his copy was pushed under the door. 

He got up and reached for it. The first thing that 
caught his eye was— spot of red blood, and looking 
closer he saw it was right over Smith Addler's name. 
The paper contained an account of his disappearance. 
Moses was too excited to work, he found no rest, he felt 
certain that Bertog had killed Smith Addler. 

He went out and made enquiries around the town, 
but nothing could be heard of him. Finally he decided 
to go and see Judge Bell at Richfield, the official resi- 
dence of the judge and police, and where the court 
house was situated. 

Judge Bell at the time being sick, Lindsay, the chief 
constable, met Moses who told him he wanted to see 
Judge Bell. 

Constable Lindsay said, "You can't see him Moses, 
he's pretty sick." 

But Moses persisted, " I must see him, I've got some- 
thing to say to him; you go and tell him I must see 
him; if he can see you, he can see me." 



i 



l\ 



38 



THE GOLD MINERS 



I 



Lindiay reported to the Judge what Moiet said to 
him, and the Judge ordered Mosea to be adnu'tted. 

Moses related to the Judge all the drcuimtances aa 
he knew them, and gave it as his opinion that BertOK 
had murdered Smith Addler. 

The Judge immediately ordered the arrest of Bertog. 
After a long search they found him, and he was uken 
to New Westminster and jailed. He was tried at the 
assizes and pleaded not guilty. There being little or 
no evidence to commit him, he might have gotten off, 
but a miner running short of meat, went into the woods 
to shoot grouse. One that he shot fell upon a pile of 
brush and leaves, and in picking up the bird, the man 
caught sight of some clothing showing under the brush. 
Upon investigation it proved to be the body of Smith 
Addler, with a bullet hole in the back of the head. The 
body lay not far from a trail through the forest that 
was used as a short cut. 

Near the body was a log upon which it was surmised 
the two men had rested and apparently eaten their mid- 
day meal. When they arose Bertog had shot his com- 
panion m the back of the head, and securing his money 
and portable goods had made the short distance into 
Barkerville alone. 

Bertog was taken back to Barkerville and confronted 
with the evidences of his guilt. White and trembling 
he made full confession, and the extreme penalty of 
the law was meted out to him. 



CHAPTER VI 

EXIT MINERS FOR THE WINTER — ^THB THEFT OF THl 
SILVER SPOONS 



Now the brief Northern summer was drawing to a 
close, but the supplies were running short, and nothing 
being brought in by mule team and covered waggons 
but straight whiskey. Flour was one dollars worth of 
gold dust per pound, bacon the same, and even beans 
running short. Still every mule team that came in 
brought nothing but whiskey. For months the roads 
and trails would be blocked by snow, and dangerous in 
the extreme from avalanches and land-slides. What 
was to be done ? The whiskey men could pay the best 
prices to the teai.isters and cow punchers, and natur- 
ally each man wanted to make all he could during the 
few summer months. 

The miners called a council of their own, and gave 
out that they would send a delegation to meet the next 
incoming team, and should it be bringing only whiskey, 
they would smash every keg and bottle, and do likewise 
to each and all that followed with a like freight. 

This word was sent out by the whiskey men to the 
teams coming in, and they were halted by the roadside, 
till teams carrying provisions had passed on and the 
mining district had been saved from fear of famine. 



'Ml 



'U 



r 



40 



THE GOLD MINERS 



Many of t.e prospector, h.d alreidy surted down 
on foot, and among them Jack and Billy. On ahead 
of them WW a party of Italian, whow hilarity muat have 
been cau*d by wmething stronger than water, and the 
two chums Imgered to give them plenty of headway. 

Now of course neither Jack nor Billy had any more 
ZZlT '!"y ''"'*,'^''« '° d" -"h, although sewn 

■•n Jldlr '''" "^'^ °' "=" -« " ''y '■•"'« ^ 

Coming near a roadside house, where the suge wa, 
ah«dy drawn up before the door, they were witness, 
of a lively dispute; and going into the dining-room found 
pa^engers cleanmg off pie,, cakes and br«d into their 
pockete, or carrymg them off under their overcoats It 
seemed that tn<- man who kept this hostelry, on the 
pl« of servmg such delicacies a, pie and cakT charged 
one dollar and a quarter per meal, but when the 
passengers crowded out of the dining room and the stage 

find any change the consequence being that he often got 
a dollar and a half or more for his meal, as the stLe 
could not wait, and the paKcngers could not afford to 
oose ,^ as they would then have to walk, or stay with 
h« skmflmt for a whole week, till the ne'xt stage' came 

along, as well as forfeit their passa.;e on the one^aiting. 
One of the passengers who had travelled this road 

before, warned his companions of what they might 

Zr^' A A '*'* '^'^ ™'^>' ^""^ •"' '•°"" ""d "quarter, 
and handed it out to the proprietor. He seemed much 
«^rprised, but invited them all to take a drink, which 

not so black a, he had been painted. But imagine the 



THE GOLD MINERS 



41 



1' 



attonishmem of thew »turdy pioneers, when Mr. Pro- 
prietor demanded pay for the same. This was when 
some of the party returned and cleaned the dining table, 
and so secured for all a midday 'unch, as they would 
not reach the next stopping place till late that night. 

Jack knew his man and continued on, although some- 
what out of his way to the home of three brothers who 
farmed a sheltered nook of rich land and were content 
with their lot. Receiving a hearty welcome Jack gave 
all the latest news of the mining district, and Billy 
inspected the warm quarters provided for horse and cow. 

Before they retired the eldest of the three arrived 
home loaded with provisions for the oncoming winter, 
and before retiring the elders took a glass of whiskey. 

When these brothers left Ireland, their aged mother 
gave each a silver spoon, on which was the family crest, 
souvenir of better days, and a reminder of the good name 
they bore. The youngest brother got up and provided 
glasses, and went to the place where the two remaining 
spoons were kept, for unfortunately one had mysteriously 
disappeared some rime previous. No spoons could be 
found, and the eldest brother asked the others who they 
had had in during his absence. 

A man travelling down, with his blankets on his 
back, had called in and asked for a meal, which had 
been willingly given. Then he wished to be allowed 
to do some work for them in return, and as night was 
approaching the brothers gave him a shakedown in the 
general living room and kitchen. Early next morning 
they heard him depart, and when they had arisen went 
leisurely about their day's work, with little thought of 
their lodger. 



ffi 



ft 



4a THE GOLD MINERS 

The eldcK brother wu ingry with them for being 

here! No, they h.d not put it awty. But no pur»e 
w« whe« it h.d been left. A Jmewh.t .tr.7n^ 
«Tence followed till one of the «en dropped the ordin.^ 
•poon with which he h«l been .tirring grog. Still n^ 

.°nd t'h": '.""If '"^ "l""*'*'"« '^^ 4" hearth fi^e" 
and the split cedar in which were many knot hole*. A 
rnouse came up through one of the largest of these under 
the rough chair upon which sat the man who had dropped 
the spoon. '^'^ 

Putting up his finger for silence, Billy pointed to the 
hole, and soon a bushy tailed rat appeared, seiwd the 
spoon, and scurned back with its prize. The men eyed 
each other and then burst into a hearty laugh. Prying 
up the Ioo«,ly laid board, they found niany article, that 
had mysteriously disappeared, for which strange visitors 
had been suspected of taking. There were also the 
mwiing purse, and the three precious spoons. 



i' 



CHAPTER VII 

SAPPEKS AND MINERS AT WORK AND PLAY — THI 

AVALANCHE — STORIES OF THE ROAD PARTY — 

MULE TEAMS 



After a day of rcsi and social intercourse our travellers 
again shouldered their blankets and set forth on their 
journey. Taking a short cut through the forest they 
came to a clearing from which many trails branched. 
They were all but slightly marked, evidently more 
used by animals than man. 

Now the Indians, " Lost? sit down bile kittle," and 
this they decided to do, for where so many animals 
passed, they knew water must be near. 

They soon found the stream, and camped for the 
night under a spreading cedar. How sweet was their 
fried bacon, how appetizing the beans warmed over in 
the bacon fat. And tea ! was ever so delightful a bever- 
age brewed? notwithstanding it was without sugar or 
cream. They collected bark, and brought it under their 
sheltering tree, for there were signs of rain or snow, 
and they also rested some of the larger pieces slanting 
over their blankets, and with their feet to the solid fire 
of bark, slept such sleep as few beds of down can give. 

Next morning they rose with the dawn, and while 
Billy made the fit«. Jack went and threw a line for 
mountain trout. Such s feast as they had with slap 






44 



THE GOLD MINERS 



liJ 



jacks, trout and tea. The freedom of all the earth 
entered into them as the healthy blood coursed through 
their veins. ^ 

ShouB and a shot! a noble deer went bounding by, 
followed by several sappers and miners of the Royal 
tngineets from the coast, and the wanderers found 
themselves near the military camp of these men, and 
with them they worked and camped for the next month. 
These were the men who built roads through this 
all but inaccessible country, and left their landmarks for 
future generations of hardy pioneers. 

But as was said before, the short season was nearly 
over, and the long winter approached, so camp, with 
all Its paraphanalia of instruments, and what not, was 
struck, and the party set off for the south. 

A heavy rainstorm fell during their firet night on the 
road, and after a breakfast in the dripping forest, they 
set out before sunrise on the march. As they made their 
way through a narrow canyon a rumbling noise attracted 
their attention. A halt was called. Then stones and 
boulders came rolling down the steep sides of the moun- 
tain. Next, mountain sheep could be seen bounding 
from rock to rock, and making all speed to the higher 
altitudes. 

Soon the forest about a mile ahead of them appeared 
to be sliding down bodily into the canyon. Men looked 
at each other in horror stricken silence. Then one 
pointed to the forest on the other side of the canyon 
and lo! It appeared to be coming in majestic slowness 
to meet its fellow. All stood in silent awe. 

The officer in command of the detachment took in 
the situation and insttntly ordered retreat. 



THE GOLD MINERS 



45 



It wa* hard to nonplus these seasoned veterans of war, 
many of whom had witnessed the "charge of the 
Light Brigade," othtrs were in the trenches before 
Sebastopol, some had been in the hospital at Scutan, 
either as sufferers or helpers to the never-to-be-forgotten 
Florence Nightingale. 

Not an unnecessary word was uttered, but the retreat 
was made in the double, and in ten minutes after the 
men had reached safety in a rocky defile, where there 
was no land to slide, the mighty forces accelerating 
their speed as they neared each other, had met in a 
mighty embrace, and mingled their millions of tons of 
debris, and a new and fertile valley sprang into 
existence. 

Calmly the men prepared their next meal and awaited 
further results. A scouting party went out and reported 
two men with a couple of oxen, and supplies a few 
miles beyond the slide. 

The mention of the oxen made the men think of 
" the Roast Beef of Old England," and as the owner 
of the oxen soon followed the scouts into camp, a 
bargain was struck of something like a dollar a pound 
for tlie meat, and the commissariat department was soon 
busy preparing the feast. Round the fires the men 
bivouaced, and with song and story the night was 
beguiled. 

One of these stories is too good to leave out, as it tells 
of the intrepidity of these pioneers of civilization. 

"Hullo Cass!" called a stalwart non-com. "Want 
to pack some more bean?" "No want," grunted a 
mahogany coloured Mexican, and passed on. 
" That's the fellow," resumed the sergeant, " who 



THE GOLD MINERS 



wanted to get his money's worth when he wa* getdn' 
'is boots at the coast fir 'is houtfit Siwashes and 
Greasers are all alike fir that, they will buy boots big 
enough to put both feet in one." 

Cass or Cassetro, was a Mexican helper in the summer 
road construction camp. 

" Feet sore; no more can walk!" declared Cassetro, 
sitting down by the trail on a log, with a sack of beans 
he was packing, strapped to his back. Presently the 
ofScer in charge of die Royal Engineers came along, 
and waited to know what was the matter. 

" Feet sore, no more likee walk!" repeated Cassetro. 
" Let me see your ^ feet," rejoined the c^cer. Cassetro 
took off his big, hard, leather boots, very precious be- 
cause no more were to be had till he returned to the 
coast 

His feet were pretty badly cut up. The officer took 
one boot, looked inside, and then threw it into the swift 
current of the river, and before the astonished Cassetro 
could object, had sent the other after it, remarking 
suavely, " There, Cassetro, the damned boots won't hurt 
your poor feet any more. You'll be able to walk 
alright now!" 

Cassetro had to hunt up the bags, the beans and bacon 
had been placed in, tie them around his feet, and walk 
that way, till his feet became sufficiently hardened to 
walk without. One day as the party packed along, 
with eighteen or twenty Indians and several Greasers, 
as the Mexicans were called, they came to a rapid 
mountain stream which had to be crossed. 

After the Indians had felled several trees one lodged 
within four fcM of the opposite bank, and several men 



THE GOLD MINERS 



47 



were sent on to lop away the branches, to as to give the 
water less chance to carry it away before the party had 
had time to cress. 

The Indians pack their loads on tlieir backs, only 
held by a broad band of grass work across the forehead; 
so if they came to a dangerous place, where packer and 
pack were alike threatened with destruction, either by 
going over a predpice, down a crevass, or off an im- 
promptu bridge like the present one, they could just 
tilt off the band, let the pack go, and remain in safety 
themselves. 

The Indians plodded over the tree, which of course 
swung slightly as they neared the smaller e J, which 
rested on nothing more stable than the swirling waters. 
They swrung with the tree, and all got over in safety 
with tents, blankets, the heavier provisions, tools, papers, 
and apparatus. Then the Greasers came on with bacon, 
beans and coffee. Cassetro as leader, had a sack of 
beans strapped to his back, the straps passing over his 
arms, the same as the white men pack. 

The officer of commissiariat warned him he was 
strapped too close up, and advised him to fasten a band 
across his forehead, which would leave his arms free, 
as the Indians did, any way to loosen them so he'd loose 
his pack and not his life if he couldn't keep his balance 

"He was no Siwash, to pack like a squaw carrying 
a papoose," he said. "He'd go over as he was!" He 
started; when near the middle of the stream the tree 
began to sway, Cassetro lost his footing and disappeared 
below. 

"Catch at the first thing your hand touches," yelled 
the officer, when he taw Cattetro going, for, good 



1' 



'i 



; I 



If 



■> *f 



48 



THE GOLD MINERS 



u, 



swimmer as he was, he could do nothing in those 
seething waters. He took in the advice mechanically, 
and clutched for anything in his way, but failed to hold 
on till fully a qiurter of a mile down, where he caught 
on some btishes, and willing hands hauled him to land, 
almost insensible. The straps were still on him, but the 
sack had been ripped in the torrent, with one hundred 
pounds of precious beans left behind; to which fact no 
doubt, Cassetro owed his life. 

When the dripping man was brought b?'Jc at double 
quick the officer asked him drily, what show there was 
for mule-feed. 

"You take me fo» one damned mule? no, by gosh," 
which was all the thanks anybody got. 

Another time when the party was out in a new 
section of the country, they came to a mountain torrent 
which had to be crossed. This time they had forty- 
three mules doing the packing, led by a bell-mare. 
Wherever she goes they never refuse to follow. 

The crossing must be made, and as no ford could be 
found, the choppers went to work to cut on the banks 
of the torrent the longest trees they could find, 'hree 
hundred and fifty to four hundred feet in length or 
height. They cut down some seven or eight before a 
huge pine lodged right on the sloping bank of the opposite 
side. 

The men leaped on the swaying monster, made their 
way along it, lopping off all the links to give the water 
less hold upon it, and reached the other side with ease 
themselves. But they must get the loaded mules over. 
The officer in charge ordered some to take augers, and 
bore holes in the side of the log, others to cut wedges 



THE GOLD MINERS 



49 



of wood. Then they hammered the wedges into the 
auger holes, slightly raised outwards; laid smaller trees 
on these, and covered the whole with moss, dirt and 
leaves. 

" Now start your bell mare over," commanded the 
officer to the non-com. in charge of the mule team. 
Feeling dubious of the result, the mare tried it. 

The bell-mare was nearly half way over before the 
mules missed her, then they noticed the tinkling of her 
bell, and with noses down to their fore feet, they care- 
fully tried the bridge. 

Fortunately the mare kept on, and soon a string of 
loaded mules were following, head down. The im- 
promptu bridge swayed as they went; the men watched 
with bated breath. The driver ahead with the bell- 
mare called encouragingly, and the team knew his voice. 
As the mare planted her two fore feet on the opposite 
bank, the driver caught her head and led her steadily 
<^; but the loss of her weight made the bridge rise 
slightly, and two mules went over into the seething 
waters, and we saw them and their packs no more. 
They carried grindstones and iron tools, so their pack 
was a dead weight. The rest of the mules, their noses 
down to their hoofs, clung to the log, and plodded over. 
No utoo sounded " lights out," and the men went 
to their beds as they felt like. 



\ f| 



iMfi 
1 1 "' 



CHAPTER VIII 



IS' '5f i 



li 



tv 



m 



CLINTON — ^THOMPSON RIVER INDIANS — GAMBLING — 
POALATCH — TRIBAL CUSTOMS — AN INDIAN ROMANCE 

The party next reached Clinto on their way to the 
coast, and found there a gathering of a tribe of 
the North Thompson River Indians. 

They had come to meet the Indian Commissioner 
from Victoria, and they came with their old and young, 
their kyouses, their dogs and their tepees. 

The Indian Commissioner was dressed in the uniform 
of an Admiral or a Governor, with gold braid, cocked 
hat and white plumes, and the beautiful trappings for 
his horse that the Mexicans know so well how to make. 

The saddle is deep-seated, with a horn in front which 
precludes the possibility of being thrown over the head 
of a bucking horse. The thick cowhide is carved in 
intricate designs, and mounted with solid silver. The 
bridle, martingale, and double reins are all of the most 
exquisite workmanship, and heavy with carved silver. 

All the bucks, headed by their chief, went out some 
miles to the Commissioner. After suitable greetings, 
the Indian chief rode side by side with the Commis- 
sioner, and the bucks at regular intervals galloped in a 
circle rotmd and round the two Tyhees (chiefs) with- 
out in the least impeding the progress of either. 



THE GOLD MINERS 



5' 



This WM made possible by the character of the 
country. A soil composed of sand and alkali, with only 
sagebrush growing everywhere, the bottoms of the lakes 
white from the deposits of alkali, had the appearance of 
having been whitewashed below the water line. 

Then again, where the soil was better, the trees stood 
far apart in parklike fashion, with no impeding under- 
growth. 

The whole tribe of Indians met the Commissioner on 
the plain outside the little settlement of white people, 
and several hours were passed in watching Indian games 
and in their favourite sport of horseracing. 

After the bucks came the squaws, who rode astride in 
this way : A blanket was spread upon the pony's back, 
the squaws vaulted on to the animal's back and drew 
the forward half of the blanket up to her waist, sitting 
upon the ends, thus making her improvised divided 
skirt secure. 

Now Clinton nestled in a valley, surrounded by low 
hills, and formed a natural race course, though some- 
what rough. But the kyoos is very surefooted, and the 
Indian riders reckless. 

The bucks had shown many feats of horsemanship, 
and their ponies were by this time tired; but were con- 
sidered good enough for the squaws. In making a start 
one of the young clootchman (squaw) was thrown from 
her horse and her arm broken. This caused quite an 
excitement among the tribe, who are always afraid of 
a hoo-doo, and are equally willing to allow their 
medicine man to inflict any kind of torture upon the 
person possessed of the devil; who is supposed to have 
caused the trouble, in order to drive out this particular 



THE GOLD MINERS 



f 



evil ipirit from the unfortunate tufferer. They gener- 
ally (ucceed, a* the tortured one often dies under the 
proceM of elimination. 

A doctor of medicine accompanied the CommiMioner, 
and soon the dootchman's arm was set, and the sport* 
continued; the young squaw being made happy by the 
handsomest and brightest shawl from the store of the 
white trader. 

A plentiful lunch was now supplied the tribe. Boxes 
of soda cracker* were brought out, a barrel of blackstrap 
molasses, and cauldrons of boiled tea sweetened by the 
same tempting ingredient. 

All ihte stock of cups and tinware belonging to the 
white trader being requisitioned. The crackers were 
freely distributed, the molasses in tins and jugs given to 
the Indians, who formed a g'oup round each receptacle, 
dipping and eating with great gusto. 

When everyone was satisfied, some dumplings were 
tied to a string, dipped in molasses, and a number of 
little Indian boys, in nature's own garment, their hands 
tied behind them, were set to catch these dripping 
delicades in their moudis, as they swung back and forth. 

This caused uproarious laughter, and the little fellows 
were all rewarded with toy drums, trumpets, whistles, 
and so on. 

Now followed the ceremony of the day, when the 
Commissioner, under a canopy of red cloth, received 
each member of the tribe, was introduced to each, and 
while he shool Sands with his right hand, passed out 
with the other a plug of tobacco to the men; to each 
sqiuw was given a shawl, and to each papoose some 
thing in the shape of dress goods. 



I i 



THE GOLD MINERS 



S3 



The Indians all bid a solemn goodbye to the Com- 
missioner, and he, accompanied by the chief, and 
escorted by the braves left for his next destination. 

The Thompson River Indians have a great number 
of horMS, and these they sell to the white settlers. They 
now proceeded to trade a band to the store keepers 
for provisions, clothing, and anything that took their 
attention. 

They have a peculiar way of packing their belong- 
ings. They carry the poles for their teepees with them, 
and these they fasten together, harness them to the 
ponies, load their teepees, provisions, etc., on the poles, 
perhaps seat a papoose or two on top, and draw them 
along this way, the noble brave riding the horse, and 
the squaw laden with small papoose, or anything that 
could not bt packed on the trailing poles, tramping after. 

The North Thompson Indians were all ready to leave, 
and only waited until the spirit moved their chief to 
give the word. 

In the meantime another tribe which had been down 
from its mountain fasti>ess to meet the Commissioner, 
happened along, and camped behind the sandhills, across 
from the North Thompson River Indians. A friendly 
parley followed, a potlatch arranged for, and after 
several days of feasting, dancing and games, the all 
absorbing gamble of the Indians began. 

Shrouded from the white people behind their sand 
hills, preparation for the great event was made. 

The place chosen was a narrow gulch, and when the 
time for action arrived, each tribe was gathered on its 
own side of the narrow canyon. A long board of split 






f= 



54 



THE GOLD MINERS 



cedar wu laid upon the ground in the centre, and many 
•ticlw of h-J wood piled iterr 

Chosen men from each side arranged themselves on 
either side of the board, each tribe to its own side. 
Every man secured two of the aforementioned sticks 
and iquatted beside the board. A man from each seated 
himself, one at each end of the board, holding in his 
hand a drum of green hide. This drum has only one 
head and is stretched over a circle of any kind of hard 
wood. 

Silence ensued, the huge Hre burnt brightly, and 
illumined the dark faces, the steady eyes of the bucks, 
the bright shawls and eager faces of the squaws, even 
the papooses were at high tention. 

All eyes were directed towards those squatted aiound 
the cedar board. One buck exhibited a bone stained 
black, and carved with the design of his tribe. In the 
same way a buck on the opposite side, showed a piece 
of bone or ivory carved with the mystic sign; of his 
tribe. 

The silence was still unbroken for a few seconds. 
Then the two bucks who had shown the symbols lowered 
them and began passing them along, the bucks pretending 
to hide them, or pass them, in any way to pu/zle their 
opponents. Then they paused, aiid a buck from cither 
side was asked to guess who had the bone. The one 
who guessed right had the bone of his tribe used for the 
entire gambling game, and the other was returned to its 
own. It was considered good luck for the tribe getting 
the first guess. 

The black bone was the one retained, and now began 
a monotonous chant from all those seated, the tom- 



IHE GOLD MINERS 



S5 



toms (drums) beat time, and the itickt in the hands of 
each man did the tame, only interrupted ai the black 
bone was passed, or pretended to be paned. 

A squaw wagered her much prized ihawl, perhapt, 
upon the first guess from one tribe, and two iquawi had 
bet theirs against her. 

All these shawls would be hung in light, and the 
guessing and gambling continued, before a certain number 
of guesses had been recorded on either side, and the prize 
awarded. 

This continued for two days and nights, till one tribe 
had gambled away not only all its ponies, blankets, and 
provisions, but many of its squaws, girls and papooses. 

The triumphant tribe left amidst the sullen anger of 
the defeated bucks, and the bitter jeers of the angry 
squaws. 

The defeated tribe had left a band of ponies cached 
some miles away and out of range of their opponents. 
Selling or trading most of these, they returned to their 
reservation, nothing daunted. 

A romance we heard of which grew out of this 
adventure was that of a young buck and his chosen 
klootchman. 

She was one of those wagered in the gambling, and 
his lost guess gave her over as a slave to his opponent, 
an old Indian of very bad reputation. Getting a pony 
from somewhere, he followed the tribe, and came upon 
them at sunset the day after they had started on their 
homeward journey. 

Hearing screams, he followed the sound till he came 
upon the older Indian, whipping the girl he had won, 
as she refused to enter his teepee. 



|.,J 
t II 



56 



THE GOLD MINERS 



ili 11 



[I- ' 
111 



The young man made an eloquent appeal to the 
chief, and secured one more day's freedom for the jroung 
squaw. Next morning he met the chief men of the 
tribe, and with them the elderly Indian. He held a 
handsome pony by the bridle, and near the old man 
stood the girl, disfigured by weeping, enforced travel on 
foot, and the stripes that had been given her. 

The young man waited for liberty to speak, and then 
offering his pony in place of the squaw, he pointed out 
the fact that there were few ponies as strong and hand- 
sbme as his, while there were many squaws much 
prettier than the one in question. 

After due consideration, and the knowledge that the 
young buck had left his destination to be forwarded to 
the Chief Commissioner in case of his non-return, the 
old Indian consented to make the exchange, and the 
two re-united ones returned on foot to Clinton. 



L'i 



CHAPTER IX 

LAST GOLD ESCORT OF THE SEASON — A MOUNTAIN 
STORM — LEFT 

Cariboo Jack and Billy started from Clinton, and the 
whole country seemed to be moving with them. Mules 
laden with nuggets and gold dust, in some instances the 
work of years of patient labour, and never ceasing 
vigilance. No,- these miners from all the countries of 
the world were coming out, and had timed themselves 
to meet the Government road party at Clinton, for what 
better escort could they have than the British soldiers? 

The overcrowded stages that passed them, hastening 
to meet the last boats of the season, warned them that 
they would be left behind, and have to trust to the 
mercies of the B. B.'s express. 

This of course Billy failed to understand, but found 
out later to his cost. In the early days, the winters were 
much more severe than they are now, and steamboats 
which plied as far inland as Yale, had to be laid off as 
soon as thin ice began to form in the river, for heavy 
ice rushed down in such vast quantities from the upper 
stretches of the Fraser as to make navigation by the 
lightly built river steamers impossible, and no more mail, 
let alone freight, could be taJcen up or down till the 
spring opened, the ice had disappeared, and the steamers 
could ply again. 



V J 

i 



h* 



S8 



THE GOLD MINERS 



m 



The whole party plodded along, camping at night 
in the dry belt, and marching by day in the best of 
spirits, for they were in the best of health, and were 
they not going home? The thought was enticing to 
many, to some a query, to others a blank, to the majority 
a curse, for lone men without the ballast of female 
influence are an easy prey; and many of both sexes were 
lying in wait for their unguarded hour. 

They now reached the Cascade mountains, and the 
fall rains commenced with great severity. Millions of 
tons of rock, earth and trees slid down the mountain 
side, and did their little best to change the geography 
of the country. 

Arriving within fourteen miles or so of Yale, the 
party were minded to march all night for fear of loosing 
the very last boat of the season, as the drivers of belated 
mule trains going up had warned them it would leave 
at seven next morning. 

A sultry heat prevailed in the canyon on the Fraser 
as the mules and men went winding along the narrow 
way. In and out meandered the road, changing to the 
mountain side in places, passing over bridges which were 
built out into space, with the mighty Fraser tumbling 
and roaring over its rocky bottom several hundred feet 
below. 

The thunder roared and craked, peak and chasm 
answering each other in cadence wild. The forked 
lightning sbone out spasmodically, and the sheeted flame 
occasionally illumined the entire canyon from side to 
side. 

What b this? The mule teams are backing up on 
each other, men are crowded together as the hinder part 



THE GOLD MINERS 



59 



of the cavalcade press upon those who have ceased to 
move forward. 

"Halt!" sounded from the British officer, and all 
instinctively obeyed. 

The last flame of sheet lightning had revealed a stage 
and six horses, with barely enough room to stand on, 
brought to a sudden standstill by what that sheet of 
lighning revealed to the driver. 

Right in front of them, not forty feet away, yawned 
a break in the road when one of the built-out bridges 
had been carried away by an avalanche. 

Men with lanterns were soon exploring the extent of 
the catastrophe, and reported room for mules and men 
to pass but the stage must be left behind. 

The passengers alighted, took their belongings and 
started, each for himself; but the Captain of the 
Engineers came forward and gave orders for the 
procedure. 

It was impossible for the laden mules behind the stage 
to pass that vehicle in safety. 

Mails and express were packed upon the six horses, 
and they were started on their way. Next, it was 
necessary to overturn the stage into the canyon below; 
and then slowly and carefully the mules followed, and 
when the last man had passed, the Captain left his post 
by the danger spot; and now, again it was each man 
for himself. 

The horses with the mail and express had got a good 
start, and had carried orders to the steamboat to wait 
for the members of the road party. 

Now some of the passengers out had elected to carry 
their own nuggets and gold dust out, instead of paying 



6o 



THE GOLD MINERS 






II 



<i 



the Express Company for it. Two men here had 
worked together and were going out carrying with them 
thirty thousand dollars worth, sewed up in two chamois 
skin bags. The bags didn't look very large, but their 
weight soon told on those trying to carry them. First 
one and then another tried to help them; but finding 
they would loose their boat, they all hurried on except 
Jack and of course Billy with him, for the lucky miners 
had begged Jack to stay with, and upon condition that, 
if he did, the men were to pay his passage and Billy's 
down by canoe, if the boat had left before they reached 
Yale, he consented, and the two young men, assisted 
the miners with their precious load; but were too late 
for the river boat. 



CHAPTER X 

BILL BRISTOL — THE SQUATTIS CHIEF — THE SIX 

SCOTCHMEN — COMMUNITY HOUSE — VISITING INDIANS — 

FISH DANCE 



Now it was that Bill Bristol came into requisition. 
Tall, lithe, with the strength of a panther, and lungs 
of leather, no weather daunted him, no dangers could 
appall. 

He lived on an island about a mile from where the 
Canadian Padfic Railway runs now, just above Hope. 
He had cattle and horses, an Indian wife, and a half- 
breed family. Grey and wiry, he went about with his 
hairy chest exposed to the blasts of winter and the heat 
of summer. 

With three or four Indians from his squaw's tribe, 
the Chehalts, as strong and fearless as himself; he would 
take charge of mail and express, the latter frequently 
of great value in gold dust and nuggets, any passengers 
who had to brave the perils of the trip at twenty-five 
dollars each, besides being expected to take a hand if 
their assistance was needed. 

Bill set out with a big canoe. The water being low 
at this season of the year it was easier to pass the riffles 
below Yale; but the canoe and its freight had to make 
several portages over the sand bars. 

On one of these bars two men were working with 



62 



THE GOLD MINERS 



a rocker, and Bill hailed to know " How goes it pards?" 

" Pretty good ! " returned one of them. It seemed 
the two men were brothers and had staked their claim 
on this bar, which could only be worked before and 
after the freshet. 

"Soon be going down for a good time aye?" 
enquired Bill. 

"Sure!" was the laconic reply. 

Bill informed his passengers that these men just 
worked their claim sufficiently to get a " good time " 
on, and then they journeyed to town and were never 
sober till all their dust was gone. 

Finding themselves kicked out on the sidewalk by the 
bar tender who had taken all or most of their treasure, 
they would sober up, take the provisions they had paid 
for before they started in, and proceeded up the river to 
work their bar till the next thirst came upon them. Of 
course poor humanity can only stand a certain amount 
of this kind of treatment, and after a few years they 
brought up at an hospital kept by some Sisters of 
Mercy, and there they passed away, leaving to the 
sisters there claims upon the bar, in payment for the 
good treatment given them. 

Bill and his passengers would sometimes come to open 
stretches of water, where the ice had gone on down 
with the current. 

Looking back perhaps a pack of ice had broken, and 
was chasing them down; then they had to paddle for 
life and property for the nearest shore, perhaps camp 
for hours, till the loose ice had passed on, then off again 
paddling between the jams, hauling the canoe on to the 
floes, all hands clinging to the side of the canoe, as they 



THE GOLD MINERS 



63 



pushed it ahead. If it broke through they clung to 
it, or they pushed it into the next open water, and so 
on for the one hundred miles of peril and adventure. 

Never did Bill lose a passenger, a mail bag, or an 
express package. The Express Company once recog- 
nised his services by presenting him with a two hundred 
dollar gold watch, and Bill carried it round with him. 
One time it disappeared, and Bill was at a loss to account 
for it. If he thought of it at all, it was to wonder 
which of his squaw's relatives had taken a fancy to it. 

Two years passed and Bill had almost forgotten he 
had ever possessed so valuable an article, when, happen- 
ing to follow his stock to some unfrequented part of 
his island, he espied an old vest of his trampled in the 
mud and mire by the feet of cattle. 

He thought it might yet be wearable, as his wardrobe 
was not too extensive. So he dragged it out, and there 
to his astonishment was the long lost watch, tied by a 
leather moccasin strap to a buttonhole. 

He remembered that he had felt too warm, when out 
this way, had removed his vest, hung it on a bush, and 
forgotten it. 

Being of so good a make, the watch was little the 
worse for its exposure, and Bill 'iled her and cleaned 
her up, and she went as good as ever.' 

Some Englismen with money came along one time, 
and thought they would like to buy Bill's island, and 
they asked him what he would take for it. 

" Take fer it.' Air yu aware of what yu're talkin' 
about young men r " 

"Why, yes; we think we'd like to buy it if you will 
name your price." 



i 



i 



M ; 



64 THE GOLD M1N1R8 

" Now then," returned BUI, lententiouily, " j«K r» 
tell me wtat yer income ii, tnd 111 tell jm «' V" ^en 
buy that diere l«nd." 

"Wh»t difference doe» it make to you what our in- 
come i», if we pay you your price?" 

"Weil, iti je»t thil way, ef yu've got a good income, 
and can support that Und, you ken hev it; ef not, yu 
keamt; fer I've ben a mighty long time on it, an it he* 
never yit supported me." 

A survey party came along on the mainland, and the 
purveyor for them cast longing eye* on BUl'i young 
«ttle. He went and asked that individual if he wouldn t 
sell him half a beef f week. 

"Well," says Bill reHectively, " what could I do with 
the other half? Ef it could run around till the next 
week, ifud be alright, but es it is, I don't see how 1 
could sell you half a beef." 

It was seldom the luxury of milk was found on BUI s 
table, and butter was not so much as named among 

The squaw and the family raised potttoes enough for 
the winter, the salmon only waited to be caught, and 
mountain trout was to be had for the angling, deer, 
grouse, wad ducks and geese for the shooting. 

Bill salted a beef, and exchanged several for clothing, 
flour, tea, and sugar at one of the Hudson's Bay stores, 
and then winter supplies were complete. 

Berries dried in the sun by the squaw formed a 
delicacy they always had, and we must not forget 
tobacco, which was as much enjoyed by the squaw and 
her many relative* as by Bill. 

Bill and our party had now got a* far a* Sea Birds 



n 



1 

I' 

0, 



;:-Ti 




THOMPSON RIVEB CHIEF. 



THE GOLD MINERS 



Bluff, a place where the mountains dote nearly down 
to the watera, nuking a very swift current at any time 
of the year. Not only this but a sudden bend seems to 
invite a wind storm when it comes from the north. 

Such a storm was now raging, and the blinding snow 
and sleet seemed to cut their well unned faces u it 
swept around them. 

Bill gave orders to paddle for shore, and they landed 
at Squattis, so named from the tribe living there. 

The two men, thf thirty thousand dollars of gold, 
were given the Priest's room in the chief's house, which 
consisted of two log huts built near together. 

In the one, inhabited by the chief and his sick wife 
were two rooms. In the bedroom of this was a big 
iron box stove that would take a four-foot stick, and in 
the kitchen was an iron cook stove. Both these were 
kept going at full blast all night, and no one complained 
of too much heat, for the rest of the passengers. Bill and 
his Indians slept in their blankets on the kitchen floor, 
the Priest's bed being occupied as we have seen, by the 
men carrying their own gold down. 

Morning came, no wood was left for cooking, but, 
the Chief shouldered an axe and followed by Bill and 
the Indians they went out. Billy could see no wood 
pile, and he asked Jack where they were going to get 
wood. 

"You'll see," returned Jack, and the two followed 
the Indians outside. 

The Squattis chief went to a blind slough near by, 
and got out a small canoe, soon an immense stick (log) 
came swirling down, covered with ice, the Chief and 
Bill were after it in a second, had it secured and brought 

E 



hs< 



ii; 



66 THE GOLD MINERS 

it to land, where the rcK toon had it reduced to fire- 
wood. 

Chief Squattit and Bill returned to view the water, 
when presently S«puttii threw a long pole from a 
peculiarly made fishing tackle. 

The fishing pole WM a proper contrivance fur the 
trick. 

The Indian would sit on the haunches, wrapped in 
a blanket, and as live fish or people always swim up 
stream, the buck or squaw, watch for a certain ripple, 
which could only be seen in shallow water, because the 
river in the upper reaches is generally narrow and very 
swift, and the fish in nature, takes the easiest or slackest 
current. The Indian in this case, looking for this 
ripple, made by the fish in plowing its way up stream, 
put the pole ten or twelve feet ahead, the water being 
very clear, and the rod prepared the colour of the water, 
so that the fish could not see it and dodge out of the way. 
This rod is about twenty feet long, in the main part. 
At the end of the rod is another small piece of wood 
nearly one foot long; to one end is fastened a strong 
surgeon-sized fish hook, six inches with a curve, and 
of iron, firmly bound with raw hide. 

The thickest end of this small stick is a hollow, like 
a thimble. To this thimble end is tied an Indian 
rope, made with seven or eight pieces of wild prarie 
grass, cured and platted together, and quite strong, about 
an inch in diameter. 

This thimble end of the little piece of grass rope, 
about a foot long, is fixed to the small end of the long 
stick, which in turn is stuck on the small end of the 
larger one. This is pushed into the water, in the path 



THE GOLD MINERS 



67 



of the lifh, and when it » directly above the hook, the 
whole rod ti suddenly pulled (gainst the fiih, and the 
small piece with the hook is free to allow for the 
wriggling of the fish and generally landed safely, 
splashing and flapping. This they cleaned, carried into 
the house and fried. Then in the far in which it had 
been cooked they heated up coM ;i>i>r'',cs, and Jack 
brought out a pan of biscuits fron^ \h own 

This meal, washed down bv .."o; ■; ho'led t( i, was 
greatly relished by all. But ii/ ht .i". rontiniiKl n- 
abated, and the Indians refuicd la ;isk p.-i!d'- :; ''rough 
the drift ice. 

As they sat by the red hot sc.ivc, mi r.l; i;; tnd wlking, 
they could hear the broken floes. ....shi,,^ an.i finding 
on the banks of the river. Bill's c:n(>e. Hew.i ,;ut of an 
immense cedar tree, strong as it was i ' b kind, would 
have been crushed like an eggshell. 

Now among the Indians, who of course, could neither 
read nor write, a good story teller is much appreciated. 
One of the passengers asked Bill if he had ever come 
across any members of the McEny family, as he 
remembered having met one of six brothers of them in 
Oregon whose hair was white, but he was quite a young 
man. 

Bill smoked reflectively for a while, then, still with 
his pipe in his mouth, he began in his slow way. To 
any one but those present the story as told by Bill would 
be unintelligible as it was a mixture of the Chinook 
jargon, the native Indian and English of a kind. 

Before Bill came and discovered this happy island 
he had wandered and worked as the fancy took him 
through the fertile valleys of Oregon. 



:U 



I 



THE GOLD MINERS 



I 



;!* 






,L 



Here, he met three brothers from the North of Scot- 
land. Men who had grown up by the sea, and for 
whom the mighty Columbian river had no terrors. 

They built a steamboat, and plied it on the river, 
surting just above the Falls. This was alright during 
the season of low water, but when the spring freshet 
began, for which these young men were not prepared, 
the case was altered. 

One brother, the captain, had fallen in love with and 
married an actress. The other brother being a practical 
engineer, took charge of the engine room, and between 
them they made a remarkable cut across the Falls. 

One day they started, and noted nothing unusual 
until their boat was w«ll in the stream, then they 
realized their danger, and that a strong downward 
current was running. 

The Captain in his wheel house, and the Engineer 
below felt the situation, and both stood to their posts 
like the brave Scotchmen that they were, and worked 
for their lives and their boat; but the rus'^. < f the waters 
was too much for them, and they went over the Falls 
to instant death, and their bonnie boat was smashed to 
pieces on the rocks, and carried away in atoms by the 
seething waters. 

The third brother, who acted as wharfinger and dtv, 
standing upon the bank, obliged to see his two brothers 
going to destruction, without the power to help them, 
had his hair turned white as snow. His rosy, youthful 
face, thus framed made him a very noticeable figure. 

The unusual thing about this disaster, being that the 
body of the Captain wa» cast ashore on an island in 



THE GOLD MINERS 



69 



the river, and taken to what is now Portland, Oregan, 
for interment. 

Great sympathy was always felt in those days for a 
bereaved woman, and the citizens of Portland came 
together, raised a purse, waited on the young widow 
with it, and offered to take all the trouble and expense 
of the funeral off her hands. 

She thankfully accepted their aid and their kindness 
in saving her trouble, and the remains of the young 
Captain was buried with social honours, and the funeral 
was very largely attended. 

The young widow was greatly touched by the general 
kindness shown her, and the respect paid to hei late 
husband. She wrote a full account of it all to the aged 
mother in Scotland. She told of the purse of gold 
raised for her, of the public burial at the public expense, 
thinking to comfort the old lady, who was somewhat 
near eighty years of age, by letting her see in what 
esteem her son had been held. The widow sent his 
latest photograph, a lock of his hair and other souvenirs 
by mail. 

What was her surprise to find all these things re- 
turned to her with a stern note from the old lady her- 
self, saying, " My son earned good wages, and had only 
you and himself to keep, and if you both lived in such 
a way as to be unable to keep money enough by you 
to p?y for Sandy's funeral, I am ashamed of you and 
him. I want none of his likeness or hair, he's no son 
of mine that brings himself to a pauper's grave." 

This way of looking at it astonished this Western 
■■'Oman, for she understood nothing of pauperism, nor 
could she fathom Scotch pride. 



'1 

T 



(li 



70 



THE GOLD MINERS 



>'i 



■■1 i 



After the disaster to his brothers, the young Scotch- 
man went to Victoria, and with the aid of a Company 
built a larger and stronger boat for the newly opened 
up Yale trade, this he called the "Cariboo." 

A fifth brother, a young lad just out of his apprentice- 
ship as an engineer now arrived in the country, and 
his elder brother put him in the engine room on the 
Cariboo with an experienced engineer under him. 

tor the first trip Captain McEny took his bride with 
him. The boat started with flags flying, a lively young 
party on board, a few passengers and some freight. 

She came flirting and curveting round the bend in 
the river, and kept on her way to Yale, a point which 
the river boat had not yet reached, owing to the sand 
bars, riffles, and two rodcs, called "The Sisters," which 
stood in the stream and made a dangerous current. But 
the fearless young Captain took his boat up successfully, 
and made a safe trip down, coming stern first through 
the dangerous rapids. 

He made several successful trips to Yale, and had all 
the freight and passengers he could carry, as this trip 
saved a long and tedious portage from Douglas, a small 
town which had sprung up at the head of Douglas Lake, 
where the steam boats had at first made their head of 
navigation, and from which packers, Indian and white, 
had carried freight into the Cariboo Country, and from 
which the lumbering six-horse stages had started with 
their varied passengers for the bourne. 

On one trip. Captain McEny was deeply laden, and 
had many passengers, jut having stopped at New West- 
minster, a number 01 the Sappers and Miners got on 



THE GOLD MINERS 



7» 



board, on their way to the road nuking, survejring, and 
90 on. 

One of the larger boats that wa$ only going to Port 
Hope, to take on cattle from the Similkaneen country, 
raced the smaller boat up, and whether the boilers in 
this way became overheated, or they were unable to 
stand the pressure, will never be known, for in going 
through the "Two Sisters " riffle, there was a teriflic 
explosion, and freight, passengers and coats were whirl- 
ing round in the eddy. 

Strange to say they all made shore on one side or 
other of the river, except the Captain, whose body was 
never recovered, and a fireman, who was seen drifting 
on a piece of wreckage, and looking as though he was 
sleeping soundly. He was brought to shore and found 
to be dead, with no mark of hurt or violence upon him. 

"What became of the other brothers?" asked Billy, 
with breathless interest. 

"Well," returned Bill Bristol, " I guess I'd best tell 
yer all the tale o' woe, fer these Scotch brothers had 
another boat yit at Victory, and when she was loaded 
up wi' freight and sich like, she blowed up in the night 
and them two last of the five brothers went up, and 
nobody knowed how it all happened." 

It was late that night when they all turned in, with 
the hope that next day would see them as near civilisa- 
tion as New Westminster. 

Morning dawned late and darkling, the wind blew a 
hurricane round Sea Bird Bluff, and all hope of getting 
away was abolished for that day at least. 

After a breakfast of salt, very salt salmon, and partly 
frozen potatoes, they sat round and sipped hot coSee to 



72 



THE GOLD MINERS 



the music of the gale, and the silent drifting of the $naw. 

A young buck came in and said sooKthing to Chief 
Squattis, and he and Bill Bristol went out together. 

Soon we heard the tom-toms beating, and followed 
the other members of the household to a community 
house. A large shed or room in which all tlK tribe 
could meet and where visiting tribes took up their abode. 

Some hunters from an island tribe had come in id 
pay them a visit, and hence the movement to the 
Community House. 

A fire was burning near the centre of the house, an 
aperture in the roof serving as chimney. Already the 
floor space was pretty well filled with salsting Indians. 

When they entered a dance was in progress by eight 
squaws, who stood in couples, holding an evergreen 
bough in each hand. They were chanting a low, soft 
rythm to the time of the tom-toms, and keeping up a 
kind of trotting movement. They faced each other for 
a few bars, then, keeping up the same step, till each 
faced arotmd to the squaw who had been behind them. 
The monotonous chant and the trit-trot step never 
ceased for more than an hour; the boughs all time being 
held upright in their hands. 

This same dance is performed by the squaws on the 
banks of the Fraser, when the salmon are late in coming 
up the river; the only difference being that they hold 
a green bough in one hand and a knife, for cutting the 
fish, in the other. They will keep this up for hours, 
till some of them drop with fatigue. 

The same gambling game we have seen at Clinton 
was introduced, and played on a smaller scale, but with 
great gusto, although it must be said, while the bucks 



THE GOLD MINERS 



73 



played with itolid earnettneas, the squaws and children 
fairly shrieked with •atcitement. 

Another feature was now presented by a clown 
Indian who sprang in amang the squatting Indians. The 
Indians always squat on tkeir heels, and it is astonishing 
how many of them can thHS crowd into a small space. 

The clown sprang in among and over the squatting 
crowd, dressed in a skin, with animals tails bobbing all 
over him. A large wooden calabash of water was 
brought in by a lad, and a pile of slap jack's laid beside 
it 

The clown carried a rifle, and he proceeded to make 
feints of shooting anything and everything in sight. 
Making ludicrous signs of pride and courage, he would 
cower and run away, and whatever he did the audience 
were prepared to laugh at. 

He now appeared to discover the calabash of water 
and the slap jacks for the first time, and made all sorts 
of antics and grimaces round them. Pretending he was 
afraid, pretending to taste them, pretending they made 
him sick; till his performance ended in his devouring 
all the slap jacks, and drinking all the water to the 
continued roar of satisfaction from the tribe. 

It was getting dark, the long twilight was almost 
ended, and as the Siwash never moves out in the dark 
if he can possibly help it, they all trooped off to their 
several abodes, cooked and ate their supper, and little 
more was heard till morning but the barking of the dogs, 
or the cry of a wakeful child, for these children of the 
open sleep like logs, never heeding the crashing of the 
ice upon the shore, nor noting that the storm had 
abated. 



74 



THE GOLD MINERS 









The viMton were left in p ow r iiion of the community 
houie, and hlcewise proceetM to cook their supper, 
spread their blankets, and built up their fire in the centre 
of their hostelry, utterly oblivious to the smoke. 

Bill Bristol and his passengers retired to Chief 
Squattis' cdan, and after a hearty supper proceeded to 
sleep, for the d^'s excitement had left them pleasantly 
weary. 

Next morning :i watery sun shone forth, the air was 
still and crisp, the wind had died down, the ice had been 
smashed, ground up, and piled on the shore. 

Bill Bristol ma^ haste to start before the ice from 
above should come surging down upon them. 

Everyone paddled, and before dark they were within 
a mile of their destination, when the pack came crash- 
ing down after them with the falling tide, and it took 
them all their time to keep their frail craft from being 
cut to pieces. 



CHAPTER XI 

GOING TO THE CALIFORNIAN GOLD FIILDS — 
CAPTAIN VAN WICK 



After a few days' rest. Jack Gayford, as we must now 
call him, told Billy he was going to San Francisco, at 
least for the winter, as the Cariboo diggings had not 
been as rich for him as he had expected, and he thought 
he would try "California again. 

Bill's married sister had gone down there with her 
husband and family during his absence, and he was only 
too glad to join forces with Jack, who had been such a 
faithful friend to him. 

Bidding goodbye to Mrs. Ackers and her daughter, 
Bessie, he started in good hope for pastures new. 

It being winter time of course when they arrived, 
they thought it better to stay and work round San 
Francisco, and start for the mines in the spring. 

As their stock of ready money was getting rather low, 
they gathered up several large packing cases, obtained 
a little second hand lumber, and constructed for them- 
selves a shanty on what is now Telegraph Hill. 

Of course diey had their blankets, men never thought 
of travelling without these useful articles in those days, 
and with their carpet sacks for pillows, they slept more 
soundly in their wooden bunks than many a one on a 
down bed. 



THE GOLD MINERS 



They toon got a job grading Mnd lots, and continued 
at this work all winter, till April, when they started 
for die mines. 

They had to go on a flat, or what was called surface 
diggings. These were known as " poor man's diggings," 
and very few of the miners made " a pile," just wages. 

So the yourj- men pitched their tent upon this flat 
with some five h'lidred others. It had the appearance 
of once having i tv. a lake or water course. 

A little disv?ri;. from the flat a town had been laid 
out, which boioied several stores, an hotel and a saloon, 
where spirits of all kinds were dispensed, and where a 
great deal of gambling went on. For this reason Jack 
and Billy thought it better to keep to themselves; they 
had a good word for every one that would speak to 
them, but they went into no company whatever. Jack 
bought a little pup, which they named "Bob," and they 
made a great pet of him. 

When they had arranged everything to their satis- 
faction, they each took up a claim, staked it out, and 
went to work. They proved to be literally, " poor 
man's diggings " for a few days, as they only took out 
from twenty to forty cents a day between them. 

After a while it got better, but the most they took 
out never exceeded five dollars a day, and that but 
seldom. 

Claims didn't run very deep, ten feet being their 
greatest limit, thus they soon worked one out and had 
to take up another. 

After they had been there a few months an exdtement 
was raised about another flat which was said to pay 
much better than this, and a great many men left, but 



THE GOLD MINERS 



77 



the two friendt thought it better to remain where they 
were. 

Before the fall rains came on they built themselves 
a log cabin, with a shed at the side, where they put 
their cooking stove, and stored their wood, making a 
kind of kitchen of it. 

They put up their two cots in the cabin, made a 
centre table, and that with their two trunks and a couple 
of Chinese bamboo arm chairs completed their furniture. 

They constructed an open hearth and chimney from 
the stones they collected; and as the winter came on 
they would hav; a nice fire upon their hearth, a bright 
lamp on the table, and they were cozy and comfortable 
as could be, with Bob blinking at them from the 
warmest corner. 

It was thought by most people that there would be 
places on these flats were a kind of drift of gold, held 
by some stones or rocks, would be found; but as yet 
no one had struck one of these. 

Like most of those who had gone out to this El- 
dorado, these young men had built castles in the air; 
but after working steadily for two years, they abandoned 
the idea of suddenly becoming rich, and made up their 
minds to be satisfied with what they got. They were 
quietly doing very well, being frugal young men, who 
spent no money foolishly. 

They todc turns at cooking week about, and on 
Saturday they left work at noon, did their washing and 
general house or cabin work, and then, the one whose 
turn it was cleaned himself up, and went to the Post 
Office for letters and papers, and to the store for the 
next week's provisions. They were afraid to go out 



78 



THE GOLD MINERS 



'f 



together, at their gold dutt wu hidden in the cabin, and 
they thought they might be robbed of their hardly won 
earning*. 

One evening after they had left work and were 
cleaning up, they heard a pleasant voice lay, "Gentlemen, 
I hear one of you came from the »tate of New York." 
They looked around and law a man of fine appear- 
ance and well dreaaed, standig at the door of their cabin. 
They invited him, and as supper was nearly ready, he 
joined them at that meal, and after they were through 
and all sitting round the fire, he told them about him- 
self. 

" My name is Van Wick. I am a native of New 
York, and was captain of a clipper ship, in which I 
owned some shares. A man gets to have a great regard 
for his ship, and I wanted to own her altogether. 

"I spoke to my wife about it, but she advised me 
• to leave well enough alone." She didn't want to have 
her property mortgaged, for it had been in her family 
ever since it was taken up by her Dutch ancestors, who 
cleared off it* first trees. 

" But I over-persuaded her, and invested every cent I 
could raise in my ship, took on a cargo, and sailed from 
New York to San Francisco, expecting to realize hand- 
somely on my venture. 

"After we'd rounded the Horn she sprang a leak, 
and the crew finding out she was unseaworthy, mutinied 
off Valparaiso, almost to a man. 

" My first oriicer stood by me, and we took on a 
crew of Greasers, and made port in safety. There she 
was condemned, and I am left with just about money 
enough to take me to New York; but I can't go back 



THE GOLD MINERS 



79 



without money enough to pay off the mortgige, tnd 
I've come up here to find it" 

They chatted far into the night, and then they made 
him up a bed and he tuyed there. Next day when the 
two young men were out at work, they talked thing* 
over, and resolved, if the Captain was willing, to take 
him into partnership. 

When they returned to the cabin, they told him 
exactly what to expect, but he was of that bright and 
sanguine disposition, and persisted in believing that they 
would come upon a drift, and if they didn't make a big 
fortune, they would surely make a nice little pile, but 
Jack and Billy, as we know, had given up any hopes of 
that kind long aga 

Captain Van Wick was a very pleasant companion, 
was a tine talker, and could sing well. He went to work 
and put up a mantle, and some brackets; and lined the 
cabin with printed calico, making everything bright and 
cheery, like himself. He handled his pick and shovel 
with a will, although it was easy to see the work was 
new to him. When it came his turn to cook, they had 
nicer things to eat than had fallen to their share for 
many a long day. 

Of an evening, when they sat round the fire, he 
would sing a sea song, the young men joined in the 
chorus, and Bob would bark and howl and wag his tail, 
and look highly delighted. 

It was a great deal more pleasant every way, for now, 
two could go out together, whilst the third stayed home 
to cook and take care of the cabin. 

After the Captain had had time to get a letter from 
home, his wife used to send papers, pictorials and 



MKaOCOW RBOIUTION TiSI CHA(T 

(ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 




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^ /APPLIED IN/HGE In 

SBS^i '65.^ Eail Main Strial 

g*.— Boch««t»r, New Vork 14609 USA 

■■^S (716) «2 - 03OO - Phone 

^S <^'C) 28fi- S989 -Fax 



THE GOLD MINERS 






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pamphlets, beside the never-failing letters. Jack 
and his friend Billy, with their careful saving ways, 
thought this must be a great drain upon her resources, 
and said something of the kind to the Captain; so he 
told them that his wife had a friend who kept a book 
store, and when these things were two or three weeks 
old, his wife could get them, and it only cost her 
postage. 

It was very pleasant and instructive to them to read 
about the outside world, and to have it pictured to them. 
The young men made the most of these privileges, and 
eagerly read and talked over with the Captain the books 
which also reached them from the same source. 

Captain often spoke of his wife and of his little girl 
Nettie, and his conscience troubled him for mortgaging 
the property, as the mortgagee had foreclosed directly 
he heard that the Captain's ship had been broken up in 
San Francisco. Jack understood the Captain to say his 
wife still had some claim to a part of the property, 
which had come to her from her grandfather, and had 
not been included in the mortgage, and in which Mrs. 
Van Wick and her little daughter now resided. 



CHAPTER XII 

THE captain's death— billy LEAVES THE MINING 
CAMP— jack's good luck HE LEAVES FOR NEW YORK 

The Captain, among his many gifts, was quite an 
artist. He drew a sketch of the house in New York, 
with the number upon it, for the young men, and another 
of the inside of the cabin, with Jick and Billy and Bob 
sitting there, the latter he sent tj his '-(e and Nettie, 
and they prized it greatly. 

He had been mining now nearly a year, and as he 
had to send money home, he found the "making a 
fortune " very slow v for hey never came upon 

a pocket or drift, as he J always been in hopes they 
would. He was ju« as pleasant and companionable as 
ever, but Jack, in his quiet observant way, could see 
it cost him an effort. He was weary of the hard life, 
and his trouble weighed heavily upon his mind. 

One night Jack was awakened by hearing the Captain 
talking. He called to him, thinking he was just talking 
in his sleep; but the Captain took no notice, and kept 
rambling on. Jack felt sure something must be wrong 
with him. He got up and lit the lamp, and when he 
came to look at him, saw at once it was serious, as the 
poor Captain was burning with fever, his eyes staring 
wild at nothing, and his pulse very high. 
He called up Billy, and they went to work and gave 



to 



THE GOLD MINERS 



I 
Hi 



ill 



him hot herb tea, «nd did all they knew of to relieve 
him. Just as soon as it was daylight enough to avoid 
the many pit falls on these flats, which had the appear- 
ance of gigantic open graves, Jack went off in search 
of a doctor, who returned with him, and pronounced 
it to be a very bad case of brain fever. 

Seeing the serious faces of the friends he added, 
" but with a constitution like the Captain's, rind good 
attention, he might pull through; but it is very 
doubtful." 

So the young men hired a man who had been m the 
habit of waiting on sick miners; he was a very handy 
nurse, and everything was done for the poor Captain 
that could be. 

When he came to his senses, he had a talk with Jack 
Gayford, and told him he thought he would die. He 
requested the young man to sell everything that could 
be turned into money, and send it home to his wife, 
after paying ail necessary expenses. The friends 
promised, but refused to give up hope, relying on the 
Captain's fine constitution to pull him through,— but, 
he died. 

After the funeral the young men gathered up every- 
thing that had belonged to Captain Van Wick, had them 
up to the town, and sold them by auction. Jack 
bought a trunk, and Billy a great coat. There was a 
watch and ring which had been down from one to the 
other, and these, with some papers. Jack had promised 
to take to Mrs. Van Wick whenever he should be in 
New York, as it was the wish of the late Captain, that 
Jack should hand them to her in person. 
The doctor and nurse were paid with some of the 



THE OOLD MINERS 



83 



late Captair {old dutt, and all the rest of his money 
was sent tr ,rs. Van Wick. To do this they had to 
write to her, and that was the hardest task of all to 
them. There was part of the Captain's last claim still 
to be worked, and that they told they would send her 
later on, but for her not to expect it till winter. 

Mrs. Van Wick sent them a very grateful 1< tter back, 
thanking them for all their kindness, and saying that in 
all her husband's letters, he had written her how good 
they had been to him; and if they were pleased with the 
papers and pamphlets that were a little out of date, she 
could always send them, as they cost only the postage. 
Jack wrote to say they would be very glad of the papers 
and sent a five dollar goid piece to pay the postage, so 
every mail that came brought them something worth 
reading. 

After the Captain's death, Billy got low spirited and 
complaining, and said it was very hard to be isolated the 
way they were, with nothing but work from sun rise 
to sun down; and that they might have been living in 
civilization, saved nearly as much, and lived like white 
people. 

Jack got quite concerned about him, and used to send 
him to the store and post office when it was not his turn, 
just for the change, as he thought it might do him good. 

One Saturday Billy refused to go, as ht said it was 
Jack's turn, so Jack had to go for the week's provisions 
to the store, and then he went to the post office, although 
there had been no Eastern mail, and they couldn't get 
any papers 

Billy's maimed sister, as we said before, had gone to 
California with her husband and children. 



' ! 



THE GOLD MINERS 



r I 



I'fit'l 



They had sef'ed in a country place, and the husband 
kept a general store. 

There was a letter from him, deeply edged in black. 
Jack knew it was in her hand writing, and he thought 
to himself, " Now I suppose that's one of her children, 
and Billy's melancholy enough now." 

When he got back he told his friends he had a letter 
for him in a mournful envelope, but it was addressed 
by his sister, so she was alright. 

Billy found upon opening it, that his sister's husband 
was dead. She urged him to go to her at once, and 
take charge of the business, as her children were young, 
and she couldn't attend to it herself. She told him if 
he liked to buy it out, he could do very well there, and 
make money. For herself, she would like to return 
North with her family. 

He showed the letter to Jack, and told him he would 
like to go, for he had been so downhearted ever since 
the Captain's death; but that he didn't like to leave his 
old friend alone. 

Jack assured him it was the wisest thing he could do, 
for he had been worrying hinBelf about him for a long 
time, and intended to propose that he should go to San 
Francisco for the winter. The good-byes were painful 
enough to both, but Jack took up his lonely existence 
bravely, his only companion being Bob. 

When he was alone in his cabin he would talk to the 
dog for while, it was a relief to hear even his own 
voice, and he thought if any one was sneaking around, 
they would not think he was alone. But he really felt 
relieved after Billy's departure, the lad had been so 



THE GOLD MINERS 



8S 



dejected lince the Captain's death, it had made him 
uneasy. 

Jack, as we know had come from New York, where 
he had left a widowed sister with two sonsj so he thought 
he would send for her to come out, -nd bring the boys 
with her. 

The mining flat was now almost deserted, there were 
not more than four or five men working. The drink- 
ing saloon was closed, the boarding house had no 
boarders, the town itself was almost as silent as it and 
the flat had been before the advent of the miners, and 
only the tumble down shacks were left to mark what 
it had been. One store remained and was more than 
sufficient to supply the needs of both places. So he 
thought if he could get his sister to come out, the two 
boys could assist in mining, and he could buy the hotel 
cheap, and make a boarding house of it. 

The hotel was pleasantly situated on a road by which 
the stage coaches passed to and from the different mining 
towns; it had a large garden, and considerable land, and 
he thought he could make a nice home for himself, his 
sister and her boys. 

The two friends had just cleaned out their claims 
when Billy's appeal from his sister arrived, so now Jack 
took up a single claim and went to work again. Of 
course he had his own washing, cooking, and general 
work to do, but his evenings were particularly dreary. 

There were six miners working on the flat within 
sight, doubtless there were others farther off. 

Jack worked along in this solitary way for six weeks, 
when one day his pick struck a rock. He flushed all 
over, for he thought of the many arguments they had 



1 . i 



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86 THE GOLD MINERS 

had about pocket* and drift*, and the thought fl*«hea 
acroM hi* mind, "Well now, i* there a drift here for 

me?" 

He scraped round the rocker in breathlet* anxietyj 
and there, sure enough w*» gold, to much of it, in fact, 
that he felt frightened. He knew hi* life would be 
worth little if any of those rough and desperate char- 
acter*, ilways to be found round mining camps, were 
to come and discover his lucky find. 

He scraped up the gold as clean a* he could into hi* 
bucket. It had settled in all uSe crevices, coarse gold; 
what they had been getting was very fine. He dared 
not put it in the sluice box and wash it, as he had done 
before, so he carried it into his cabin, and worked day 
after day till he had picked out every piece, and then 
he set about cleaning and weighing it. 

He cut up the tent and made little bags that held 
about two ounces each, and its value, as near as he could 
come to it, was about four thousand dollars. In all the 
time he had been working before, his share had only 
amounted to about one thousand dollars. 

The rainy season was coming on, and he knew it 
would bo scarcely safe in the cabin alone with his five 
thousand dollars worth of gold, so he made up his mind 
to uke it himself to San Francisco. 

He had a good heavy overcoat of pilot cloth, with 
strong pockets, and he put as many of his little bags of 
gold into these as he could, and sewed them up. The 
rest he concealed about his person, also putting a small 
portion in his valise. 

He nailed up the cabin, to<A hi* blanket* and valise 
and went up to the hotel. Then he made arrangement* 



THE GOLD MINERS 



87 



with the boy, that if he would take care of Bob, and 
just took ::fter his cabin, and lee that nobody stole his 
traps while he wu away, he would make him a present 
in the spring. 

He got on th' 'tage, and went along first rate, changed 
to the steamboat, and landed in San Francisco safely, gold 
and all; but he never felt easy till he had depoaited his 
treasure in the mint. 

When he received it again in gold coin, he placed it 
in a branch of the Rothschild's Bank, where it gained 
no interest, but was safe. 



CHAPTER Xni 



llV 



:il 



VISITS NIW YORK — NIW VIAR'S CALLS MAKES 

MRS. VAN WlCK'S AND NITrU's ACQUAINTANCI — ^THI 
WIDOW'S TROUBLES JACK IN LOVE 

Jack had been up the country nearly four year*, and 
great changes had taken place during that time in San 
Francisco. He now had money and leisure, but he felt 
lonesome, and missed his friend more in the crowded 
city than he had upon the mining flat. 

At this time the steamers of the Nicaragua and Panama 
routes were running opposition, and fares were very 
low, so he came to the conclusion he might as well take 
a trip to New York, as walk about San Francisco all 
winter, with no one there that he knew. 

He took a thousand dollars out of the bank, got an 
order on the New York branch for five hundred, and 
the rest he had with him. Taking his blankets and 
valise, wi'-h a good basket of provisions, he bought a 
ticket for the steerage for iifty dollars. 

Great improvements had been made upon the route, 
and, with the exception of a few days rough weather 
on the Atlantic, he had a fine trip back to his native 
state. 

He arrived in New York clad in his rough mining 
clothes; so he thought he would dress himself up a bit 
before he went to see his sister, as she kept a nice 



THE GOLD MINERS 



80 



boarding houie in a good locality. He went to the 
barber'* and then to the clothiert and bougiit a full new 
suit; hat, boot* and glove*, which nude quite a trani- 
formation in him. 

Next day he went to tee hi* titter, confident of find- 
ing her a* he had left her. But (trangert met him, and 
when he came to make enquiriea, he found *he had 
married agai.i, and gone We(t He knew the man *he 
had married, a widower, and his fir*t wife and Jack'* 
titter had been great friends when they were girl*. 
Still it was a great disappointment to him, and his idea 
of buying the hotel had to be abandoned. 

It was Christmas time, and New York was very 
lively. He made calls on the few frie.ids he knew, and 
there were plenty of amusements to pass the time 
pleasantly. His desire f knowledge and love of read- 
ing had been fostered ir e solitude of the mining camp, 
and he frequented Mechanics Institutes and Public 
Libraries till New Year's day came round. 

The Hollanders had started the ' ;'tom of calling 
upon this day, so he went to make his '' -w Year's calls. 
The landlady saw him going out, ana told him to be 
sure and come back for dinner, for she was going to 
give them something extra good. He returned to 
dinner, and then went to his room to fix up for calling 
again in the afternoon. 

When he was ready to start, he found he had no 
pocket handkerchief. In turning out his valise to find 
one, he came upon a little bundle he had put away in 
some stockings; it was the Captain's watch, ring and 
papers. He bethought himself it would be just the 
right time to go and call upon Mn. Van Wick. All 






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j 



'M 






90 



THE GOLD MINERS 



that was to come to her from her late husband's claim 
was set down, and he made it up to an even hundred 
dollars from his own pocket. 

Making five, twenty dollar gold pieces, the watch, 
ring and papers into a neat parcel, he gave himself an 
extra brush, went out and hailed an omnibus, and soon 
found himself in the neighbourhood of the late Captain 
Van Wick's residence. He recognized the house from 
the Captain's sketch of it, went up the steps and knocked 
at the door. A waiter answered the summons. " 1 
wish to see the widow of Captain Van Wick," he said 
to the man. 

" No widow lady lives here, sir," returned the man, 
" but Mrs. de Lancy and her young ladies are receiving 
callers, perhaps you had better see them?" 

" No, thank you; couldn't you tell me where the 
widow lives?" 

Before the man could answer. Jack received a slap 
on the back, and a voice, somewhat thick from many 
New Year's calls, said, "My young friend, take the 
elder Weller's advice, and 'bevare of de vidders." 

Three other gentlemen who had just alighted from 
a carriage with him, joined in his boisterous laughter, 
and the manservant grinned. 

Jack felt an inclination to knock them all down the 
steps, but he refrained himself, and walked slowly along 
looking at the house. More callers were arriving, so 
he stepped into an alley way which ran along side, to 
get a better look at it, and pull himself together for the 
next move. 

He was comparing the sketch of the late Captain's 
with the building before him, and making sure he had 



I ■!' 



THE GOLD MINERS 



9' 



not mistaken the number upon it, when he noticed a 
little girl looking up at him in a wistful manner. 

"Well Sissie," he said, smiling down upon her, 
" where do you live?" 

"We live right here," indicating the alley. 

"Have you lived here long?" 

"Yes, we always lived here. Mamma always lived 
here." 

"Show me where your mamma lives, I want to see 
her," he returned, for he thought it would be a good 
idea to go and make enquiries of the child's mother. 

He followed her into a square yard, on the right 
hand side of which stood an old fashioned Dutch house, 
such as had been built in Colonial days by the Hollanders. 

The little girl opened the door, and running through 
the hall, called, "Oh, mamma, here's a gentleman come 
to call upon you." 

He saw a fair young woman, dressed in black, sitting 
by a window, quilting in a frame. 

As she rose and came forward to hand him a chair, 
he noticed how worn and sorrowful she looked. Of 
course she didn't recognize him, but she seemed to think 
it was some one she ought to know. She looked 
enquiringly at him, but treated him as a New Year's 
caller. 

The lady began to talk, and he soon found out it was 
the Captain's widow. When he came to look at the 
little girl, he could see a great likeness between her and 
her father. 

After Mrs. Van Wick had been telling him about the 
sketch she had, and of her late husband's partners, and 
how they lived in California, he told her who he wai, 



'VI 



i !l! 



! 



92 



THE GOLD MINERS 



and both thie and Nettie were greatly pleased, and 
couldn't do too much for him. 

Mrs. Van Wick made him take oil his overcoat and 
wraps, and stay and take tea with them. When she 
lighted up the room and stirred up the iire and he could 
look round, he saw that everything was very handsome, 
but old-fashioned. She made him sit in one of the old- 
fashioned chairs, and told him Martin Van Buren had 
sat in that chair many a time, and taken a comfortable 
doze. 

He found Mrs. Van Wick both pretty and intelligent. 
The reason she was living in the home of her child- 
hood was, that it had been left to her by her grandfather, 
and had not been includied in the mortgage. She told 
him of all the trouble the mortgage had given her, and 
how she came to take possession of this house. 

When she refused to give it up they instituted a 
series of prosecutions, and finally threatened to block 
up the alleyway, which was the only way of ingress 
and egress. 

She went and consulted the lawyer who had been 
their adviser in better days, and he wrote to her tor- 
mentors, and told them if they interfered with her and 
stopped the alleyway, he would build a stone wall in 
front of their dining-room window, which opened into 
Mrs. Van Wick's yard, and would likewise stop their 
entrance upon the inner square, by which they would 
lose the use of a fine well of fine water. Since then 
they had left her in peace. 

Nettie talked to him about Bob, and asked several 
questions about camp life and mining in her bright and 
childish way. 



I fl 



THE GOLD MINERS 



93 



The tea was so nice, the surroundings so cheerful, 
Mrs. Van Wick and her little daughter so pleasant and 
refined, he thought he had never passed such a delightful 
evening in his life. 

As he was to remain in New York for about six 
weeks longer, he asked to have the privilege of calling; 
he told her he had no relatives in the city and felt 
lonely. 

After all his kindness to her late husband, and his 
attention to her interests in the claim left by the 
Captain, she could scarcely refuse him. 

So they parted, and he went back to his boarding 
house, but he was not like the same man. The beauti- 
ful, sad eyes of the widow seemed to follow him every- 
where, and he was also greatly pleased with Nettie, 
and fell asleep thinking of them. 

The first thought in the morning was of them, and 
he went to several book stores, before he could select a 
present he thought good enough for Nettie. 

He had to confess that he had fallen in love with 
the widow at first sight. He argued with himself that 
she was a delicate and ladylike woman, made to shine 
in society, while he was only a rough miner. Still he 
was an America;, citizen, and he felt, as most Americans 
do, that he was on an equality with any one. He 
therefore made up his mind to polish himself up, and 
make himself more companionable. 



; 



CHAPTER XIV 

THE FAMILY FROM NEW YOEK— THE ADROIT BOARDER 

THE ROBBING AND ELOPEMENT — DIVORCE AND 

MARRIAGE 



A FAMILY consisting of a man, his wife, and four 
children, came out from New York State the same time 
Jack Gayford set out for the western gold diggings. 

They had had a farm in the interior of the State, 
which they sold; and as they intended to keep a board- 
ing house in San Francisco, they bought and sent by way 
of Cape Horn, all the doors, windows and general 
furniture needed. 

Mr. and Mr». Milbert had been married very young, 
and their eldest daughter was now eleven or twelve 
years of age, and their youngest boy six. 

The mere fact of having come from the same Sute 
brought them together on board ship, and as Jack 
Mayford was a steady young man, the acquaintance was 
kept up as long as diey remained in San Francisco. 
They camped together on Telegraph Hill, and Jack 
assisted Mr. Milbert to build a s..jg little place, cori- 
sisting at first of three rooms, built of lumber bought 
cheap from a wreck, supplemented by other lumber 
which had been slightly charred, and which viras like- 
wise obtained at a low rate. 



TH£ GOLD MINERS 



95 



When Jack left for the Cariboo mines in the spring, 
the goods and chattels of the Milbert family had 
arrived, and they were preparing their boarding house; 
then they lost track of each other. 

As Jack returned to his boarding house in New York, 
after selecting a suitable gift for Nettie, the landlady 
told him a gentleman from San Francisco had been 
making inquiries for him, and had made an appoint- 
ment at three o'clock to meet him. 

Upon meeting the gentleman Jack saw at once that 
he was a stranger. 

"Do you remember the Milbert family?" 

"Very well, indeed; and also what hardworking 
good people they were." 

"My business with you is concerning them, so I must 
begin at the beginning, and tell you all about them, 
from the time you left." 

"They got along very well the first year, for they 
all worked. The two little giris waited on table, and 
the father made a wagon for the boys, who collected in 
it all the wood necessary for use in the household. In 
fact they were saving money from the start. 

"One day Mr. Milbert came home and said he was 
not feeling very well, and complained of a bad head 
ache. By morning he was in a high fever, and Mrs. 
Milbert sent for a doctor, who gave him suitable medi- 
cine to break the fever, but unfortunately the poor man 
insisted upon getting up and going out into the night 
air, and as he was far too strong in his slightly delirio^'s 
condition for Mrs. Milbert to hold him back, he took 
a relapse, from which he soon after died. 

" It had all come so suddenly upon the poor woman, 



THE GOLD MINERS 



J« t 



11' 



■(\ 



I 



'1:1 



tbtt (he htrdly realized wh»t had happened, and her 
hands were too full of work for her to be able to sit 
down and think. 

"When she went to her room she would relieve her- 
self with a good cry, but she was-«lmost too tired to 
nke her clothes off, and was soon sleeping the sleep of 
the utterly weary, oblivious of trouble or over work. 

"One of the boarders was a New Yorker, who had 
been raised to hotel keeping. He was a man of rather 
fine appearance, and good address. He had been to the 
mines, but found a life of ' ruffing it ' didn't agree with 
him, so he returned to San Francisco to see what he 
could do there. , 

"He used to attend auctions, and buy up large 
quantities of goods, and then retail them; but he had 
a great deal of time on his hands, and he offered to assist 
the widow for his board and lodgings. Besides, he used 
to buy vegetables and fruit at a wholesale, and could 
supply the house at a much better rate than Mrs. Milbert 
had been able to do at the stores. 

"He was very good to the children, and they all 
liked him. He advised Mrs. Milbert to make out to 
send them to school, and hire help in the kitchen. By 
this means the boarding house was better served, and 
became more popular, and Mrs. Milbert was doing 
better than she had ever expected to do. 

" Things went on in this way for about a year, and 
then Mr. Chester proposed to the widow, but she had 
no thought of marrying again, and told him so. He 
professed to be greatly attached to her and the children, 
and said if she refused to marry him, he would leave 
San Francisco. 



Ifl 



\ 






\ 










THE GOLD MINERS 



97 



" The children were really fond of him, and wouldn't 
hear of his going away. So after a great deal of talk 
on either ride, Mr. Chester and Mrs. Milbert were 
married. 

"Things went along in much the same way; the 
children were sent regularly to school, they were all 
smart and got along well. They were also a fine 
healthy family and good looking. 

"The elder girl being now nearly fifteen years of 
age, Mrs. Chester had paid the first instalment on a lot 
in the days of her widowhood, and she and her second 
husband continued to save money. 

" It was -he bi-monthly steamer day, and Mrs. Chester 
used to go down to see people off on the steamboat, who 
had been stopping at the house, and Mrs. Chester would 
then do the daily marketing. 

"This day she left the cook in the house and took 
the two little boys with her with the wagon. She 
thought Mr. Chester wouldn't be gone long, so she 
didn't hurry herself, as he would sec that all was ready 
for dinner; she had heard the gun fire, and knew the 
boat had left. 

" When she got home she expected to see everything 
going on for dinner the same as usual, for they had 
quite a number of boarders; but Mr. Chester wasn't 
there. The cook was at a standstill in the kitchen, and 
didn't know what to do. Mrs. Chester hadn't time to 
change her dress, but went to work to help get the 
dinner ready in the best way they could. She got a 
very good dinner and served it, but no Mr. Chester 



m an appearance, 
home to dinner. 



put 



and only the two little boys came 



u 






i\ 



98 



THE GOLD MINERS 



"After dinner wm over, ihe let the two bojr» to Mtbt 
the cook in deiring «w»y «nd withing up, while «h« 
went to change her drew. When the cwne to look 
.round, she thought it seemed very strange, her husband s 
trunk WM gone. They kept all their wearing apparel, 
and everything of value in trunks, that they might easily 
be thrown out in case of fire. 

" She looked into the girls' room, and a cold shiver 
ran over her, for the trunk of the elder was likewise 
gone. She returned to her room, and went to the head 
of the bed, where her first husband had made a conceal- 
ment between the bedstead and the wall, in which they 
kept their money. 1 

" She would save up in small change till she got htty 
dollars, which she would change into a slug. This she 
always rolled up in a piece of rag, and deposited in a 
hand satchel. Fifteen hundred dollars had thus been 
stored away in this hiding place, and when she came to 
look she felt completely stunned, for it too was gone. 
She sat down helplessly and didn't know what to da 

"After a while one of die little boys came in to say 
that a boarder wished to speak to her. This man told 
her that her husband had run off with her elder daughter 
on the morning's steamer. She almost crazy thinking 
of her daughter, and she would have given the money 
twice over only to have had her safe. 

"When she recovered herself a little, she sent for me 
as I had been her lawyer. Sent me after them, and I 
soon found out where they were. 

There were no telegraphs in those days, and the start 
of one boat meant two weeks ahead. 
"Mrs. Chester wrote to this husband of hers, telling 



THE GOLD MINERS 



99 



him (he couldn't find words to ny what the thought 
of him, but the h«d commenced • luit for divorce, and 
as soon as it wu obuined, he must marry her daughter 
in the presence of witnesses she would send. She said 
she would never cross their path unless he refused to do 
the only thing left him tr do; if he refused, she would 
follow him to the worlds, end and shoot him whe.cver 
she met him. 

"The divorce has now been obtained, and Mrs. 
Chester or Milbert, as she will now be called, has sent 
me to you, Mr. Gayford, requesring you to be the second 
witness of the marriage." 

Of course Jack Gayford went and did as he was 
desired; but the poor girl had already commenced her 
repentance, and was but a weeping bride. .>he lived in 
ill health for some years, and finally died before her 
mother, leaving no children. 



CHAPTER XV 

JACK PROPOSI* TO THI WIDOW— THI« MA»«1A01 

THI CtiV« tAWYM— MTOWf TO CAUfOROTA 

Am* J«ck Gtyford'» return, from the fulfilment of 
hit next mott unpleasant talk, he continued hit vititi to 
the widow of the late Captain Van Wick. 

One Sunday evening Mrs. Van Wick had a friend 
there likewise a widow lady, with one son. This wu 
the friend who kept the bookstore, and from who th' 
papers and so on came, that had been such a boon m 
the mining camp. 

Aftjr tea, they all went to the Lutheran church, and 
little Nettie took possestion of Mr. Gayford. When 
they returned to the house they had some singing and 
sacred music, and Jack was more than ever enthralled. 

One week passed after another, but he could not make 
up his mind to go away, till April came round and very 
fine weather, and he felt it was high time for him to get 
back to work. He went to take tea with Mrs. Van 
Wick and Nettie, and to make his final farewells. 

Nettie began to cry, and said she didn't want him to 
go away. He could never tell exactly how i came 
about, but that evening the widow promised to become 
Mrs. Gayford. 

After tome simple prerjarations they went to Albany 
for a couple of weeks. They had made up their minds 



THE GOLD MINERS 



101 



10 go to Ctlifcrnit, but Jack wanted hii wife to aeli the 
old home firtt 

He wenr to the lawyer who had befriended hit wife 
in her trouble with the mortgage and aiked hit opinion 
in the matter. The lawyer undentood the people he 
had to deal with, and adviied Jack to make an offer to 
buy back Mr*. Gayford'a father's property, giving the 
amount for which it had been mortgaged, with all the 
interett and expense* incurred to date. 

The mortgagee had of coune made a good bargain, 
and refused to give it up; but, as the lawyer had antici- 
pated, he offered a fair price for Mrt. Gayford't house; 
•o she came to her husband with quite a nice little 
dowry. 

Jack had all the handsome old furniture packed, not 
omitting the arm chair in which Van Buren had sat, 
with a lot of new furniture, and everything that was 
required for a good boarding house; this he sent by 
clipper ship round the Horn. 

Then they all started for San Francuco; and after a 
good passage they arrived there saCo and well. Jack 
rented some furnished ror-^s fo. hu wife and daughter, 
while he went up the country. 



CHAPTER XVI 



V 



MR. HUDDERSFIEID — HIS BEREAVEMENT — LEAVES 

IRELAND FOR UNITED STATES — PUBLIC SPEAKER — HIS 

SON-IN-LAW ELECT — HIS DAUGHTER'S WEDDING 

The landlady of the house in which Mrs. Gayford and 
Nettie stayed was very companionable, and tried to make 
her roomers feel at home. 

One evening as this lady and Mrs. Gayford were 
sitting down to have a cozy chat, they were startled by 
some one in the hall, speaking in a deep toned voice, 
asking if Mr. Parks was at home. 

After some time Mr. Parks came into the prlour, 
bringing his visitor with him, and 'ntrcJaced him as 
Mr. John Huddersiield. 

He was a pretty good looking man, of massive build 
to match his voice, and probably forty years of age. He 
talked mostly to Mrs. Gayford, whose quiet voice and 
gentle ways were such a contrast to his own. 

He went away about ten oclock, and Mrs. Parks' 
first exclamation, as the door closed upon his burly 
figure was, "What a voice." 

"Don't say any more," put in her husband. " John 
Huddersfield is quite a character. He's a good speaker, 
and always speaks in favour of the working classes. 
He's a man who is honest and true in all his dealings, 
and wouldn't worry man, woman or child; but I don't 



THE GOLD MINERS 



103 



think he would be a favourite with the ladies, for he 
speaks the truth too plainly, and he's no ways polished." 

Mrs. Parks looked at Mrs. Gayford, but never a word 
did she say. Presently Mrs. Gayford spoke up and said 
she believed he was a rough diamond and she liked him. 

After this, Mr. Huddersfield was a constant visitor. 
He came early in the evening, and talked mostly to Mrs. 
Gayford. He told her he had been married when he 
was quite young, before he was twenty, and his wife 
not eighteen, that they got along as well as a couple 
could do for a few years. Then he went to collect 
some money for his father, as his wife and he were 
driving home, just as they got to a dark and lonely part 
of the road, two men jumped out, one on each side, and 
tried to get hold of the horse's head. It was a spirited 
young animal, and throwing up its head, dashed off for 
home as hard as it could go. 

The sudden plunge threw Mrs. Huddersfield back- 
wards over the seat, into the bottom of the cart; but there 
was no stopping the horse till he reached his own gate. 
Then it wc- found out she had broken a blood vessel, 
and they lifted her out in a fainting condition. A dead 
child was born the same night, and the poor lady was 
in delicate health for some years. 

Then Mr. Huddersfield became a public speaker, 
taking part with the working classes, but finding his 
sphere somewhat restricted was induced to leave Ireland 
for the United States, to find a wider scope for his 
talents. 

He went fint to Philadelphia, and settled himself in 
a pretty cottage in the outskirts of the city. Here his 
wife's health was so much improved, that he found him- 



104 



THE GOLD MINERS 



self a good partner, and went into business as a con- 
tractor and builder. 

After a while, a little daughter, Nellie, was born to 
them, much to their own pleasure and every one else's 
surprise. 

When Nellie was about eleven years of age, he was 
taking her and her mother out for a buggy ride, when 
the horse took fright and ran away. They were all 
thrown out; neither Mr. Huddersfield nor Nellie were 
hurt, but the shock brought on the old hemmorhage in 
poor Mrs. Huddersfield, and she died in a few days. 

Mr. Huddersfield didn't know what to do with Nellie 
and his home; so he bethought him of his wife's sister, 
who lived in the North of England, and sent for her. 
She came with her husband and large family, and took 
charge of the house and Nellie. The north country 
dialect which she had acquired, grated upon his ears, 
and although she was a good housekeeper, she lacked 
the refinement of his wife. So he resolved to send 
Nellie to school, and made his sister-in-law a present of 
the house goods, with the proviso that Nellie was to 
spend the vacations with her aunt and be taught house- 
keeping. 

Mr. Huddersfield told his partner he must buy him 
out, for he couldn't stay there; that he would leave 
Nellie under his guardianship and go to California. 

He made arrangements that she should come to him 
when she was eighteen and keep house for him. It 
only wanted a few months of that time, and he told 
Mrs. Gayford he was going to buy a house, and get 
ready for her coming. He would buy another horse, 
too, so they could drive a carriage and pair. 



^ I 



THE GOLD MINERS 



105 



"Oh, you just wiit till you see my lass," and he gave 
a merry look over £0 Mrs. Parks. " She'll not be all 
skin and bone, like some people, she'll be an armful." 

Mrs. Parks would generally have something to say 
in return, and she was a pretty good talker, but he had 
so many words that she always came out second best. 

He told them what a fine house he had bought and 
where it was, and wanted them to go and look at it. He 
had sent money to his lass to fix up her wardrobe, 
arranged with a friend and his wife who were coming 
out to thf Golden State, to bring Nellie with them, and 
was negotiating for a handsome pair of horses, when he 
received a letter from the lass herself. 

He came straight to Mrs. Gayford, his face in a 
flame, his voice louder and gruffer than ever, and bounc- 
ing himself down in the large arm chair he always 
occupied, took the letter out of his pocket, and shaking 
it violently above his head, as if he would like to shake 
the person who had written it, roared, 

"Here's a pretty how-d'-yer-do. Here's a pretty 
kettle of fish." 

Mrs. Gayford, who was reading, closed her book, and 
looked up at him. "What's the aiatter, Mr. Hudders- 
field?" she asked quietly. 

"Well, you know the preparations that I've been 
making to get my lass out here, and how I'.e been look- 
ing forward to her coming eighteen years of age?" and 
speaking very loudly and in his deep tones, he went on, 
" Here's a letter, and -'le says she'd very much like to 
see her dear papa, bu she don't want to leave Phila- 
delphia," and with a perfect roar, "because there's 



^ill 



i. 



|i. 



ihTJ 



\ 



\i 



f. 



I 



1 06 



THE GOLD MINERS 



somebody else! I've a great mind not to take any 
notice of this letter, but send for her to come right on." 

" I don't think I'd do that Mr. Huddersfield," said 
Mrs. Gayford, gently. " You forget that you were 
quite young when you get married, and that your wife 
was not quit' as old as your daughter is now. You 
have a friend in Philadelphia that you can trust, would 
it not be better for you to write to him, and ask all 
about this ' somebody else ? ' " 

He quieted down a bit and said, "Well, Richard 
never went around with his eyes or ears shut; its 
astonishing I didn't hear anything of this before, as he 
is her guardian." 

" I think that argues well for the yoimg 'nan," 
returned Mrs. Gayford, " for if he had not been of 
good character, and ohe her guardian would like for 
her, he would certainly have written, and " 

" Then you think its best for me to write to him, and 
find out all about it, and not say anything to Nellie?" 
he interrupted in his impetuous way. 

"Yes, you wouldn't like to have her here pining and 
fretting, and wanting to go back again, would you?" 

" No," he said energetically, and away he went, but 
came back a minute later, and putting his head in at 
the door, said he'd show Mrs. Grayford the letter he 
would send to his friend next steamer day. 

The evening jefore the bi-monthly mail went out, 
in came Mr. Huddersiield, sat down in the big arm 
chair, and read the letter he had written to his friend. 
" Friend Richard,— 

" You know how I have been looking forward to the 
time of my lass coming out here, and have made great 



THE GOLD MINERS 



107 



preparation* for it, and by last mail I received a letter 
from Nellie, stating that she did not want to come to 
California; and she would like to see her dear papa, but 
there was somebody else, and now I want to know who 
the ' somebody else ' is, that aspires to the honour of 
being John Huddersfield's son-in-law. (Here he cleared 
his throat with a great ahem, ahem !) I want to know 
his pedigree — does he belong to the useful and producing 
classes? I want to know his age and weight; because 
if I am to have grandchildren, I want them to be strong 
and healthy and good looking. Now, I will tell you 
what I don't want, an old, long legged, lantern jawed, 
stick-whittling, whiskey drinking, smoking, chewing, 
swearing fellow for my son-in-law. 
" From your old friend, 

" John Huddersfield." 

" P.S. — Answer by return of mail." 

In due time the answer came; it commenced: — 

" Dear John, — 

" I see life in California has not changed you. You 
are the same outspoken John that you always were; and 
to confess the truth, I have been grinning in my sleeve 
for the last three years, thinking that here is a love 
affair that would bring my old friend John to Phila- 
delphia again. You may depend if this ' somebody 
else ' had not been the right kind of person, you would 
have heard long ago. And his pedigree is, his father 
is an Englishman, and his mother is Scotch; both fine, 
young, good looking people, and his grandparents are 
still living, and all, of the useful members of society. 
According to your wish, I had the young man measured. 



io8 



THE GOLD MINERS 



He sunds «ix feet without his boots, and his weight is 
one hundred and ninety pounds. He is within two 
months of being twenty-three years of age. He is the 
youngest of five children, the other four being daughters. 
He neither smokes, drinks nor chews, and he is in busi- 
ness with his father, in a large furniture factory. It 
would be a great pity to break .^p the match, as he is an 
only son, and his father and friends would not like to 
part from him. So John, come back to Philadelphia 
and give your Nellie away yourself." 

Then he wrote to Nellie, that though he was very 
sorry to lose her, he had had such a good character of 
this " somebody else," he supposed he would have to 
consent. 

He also got a lettv from the young man himself, a 
nice letter. In answer, John Huddersiield wrote : 
" You call her dear Nellie, now. I hope it will always 
be so. You can be master outside, but I hope you will 
let her be mistress in her own home, for it is always best 
that ' the grey mare should be the better horse.' " 

About this time, Mrs. Gayford, who had obtained 
Bessie's address from her husl»nd, went to look up the 
young girl, and she was a frequent visitor at the Gay- 
fords' rooms. 



tlij 



CHAPTER XVII 

MR. HUDDIRSFIELD MAKES NEW PLANS — THE LITTLE 

WIDOW — ^THE ENGLISH OLD MAID — MR. HUDDERSFIELD 

TAKES THE LADIES FOR A DRIVE — FALLS OUT WITH 

THE OLD MAID — PROPOSES TO BESSIE — EXEUNT 

HUDDERSFIELD 



After Mr. Huddersfield's return from giving Nellie 
away, he came in and said, " Now its all settled, what 
shall I do with the house?" 

"Your daughter's got a good start, and you've many 
years before you yet, get married yourself," suggested 
Mrs. Parks. 

" If I could find some one to suit me within ten 
years of my c/n age, I would. I'm not going to marry 
a young girl!" 

Mrs. Parks promised to be on the look out, and if she 
saw any one eligible, she'd speak a good word for him 
and let him know. 

One day Mrs. Park's met him and said, "Oh, Mr. 
Huddersiield, I've got acquainted with a nice widow that 
would just suit you; she's a brunette and small, and a 
very nice woman altogether." 

" Is she young?" 

" No, I think she's well on to forty, by the way she 
talks; but she's well preserved, and has enough to live 






iK 



j«:v 



m 



Wii 



I 



li 



no 



THE GOLD MINERS 



"How long as she been a widow?" 

" Four years." 

"Good looking, and young looking," he mused in a 
stage whisper, " has enough to live on, and in a place 
where ladies are so scarce." 

Then in his usual stentorian voice, " I wonder she 
hasn't married long ago." 

" I'm going to invite her to tea on Tuesday," 
continued Mrs. Parks, " and you can drop in as if by 
accident." 

On the appointed day Mrs. McDufI came to tea. 
She was handsomely and becomingly dressed, and a very 
nice little lady she seemed. 

Bessie was there too, and as it happened she was the 
first to be seen by. Mr. Huddersfield. He looked 
suspiciously at Mrs. Parks, fearing she was having a joke 
upon him, and intended to introduce him to a young 
girl. 

As he was being introduced to Bessie, Mrs. McDuff 
came down stairs, and he was introdured to her. He 
was frigidly polite, but gave Mrs. Parks a u.ok over the 
little lady's head, that she was unable to undersund, and 
which made her feel very uncomfortable, for she was 
well aware of his blunt, outspoken mannci. During 
tea he would look over Mrs. McDuff's head and give 
Mrs. Gayford the same kind of look. 

Tea over, Mrs. Gayford had them into the parlour 
to show them some pictures. Bessie stayed to help 
Mrs. Parks clear away and wash up. Just as they were 
putting away the tea things, Mr. Huddersfield came out, 
and laying his hand on Mrs. Parks shoulder, said in a 
hoarse whisper which could be heard all over the house. 



\ i 



THE GOLD MINERS 



III 



" She won't do!" Beme nearly dropped the clean cup* 
and saucers she had in her hands, and Mrs. Parks 
renurked quite loudly and as coolly as she could, "Mr. 
Huddersfield, if you want some water, walk this way." 

She got him out into the yard and shut the door, then 
she said, " Now, Mr. HuddersHeld, you've got to behave 
like a gentleman; it don't matter whether she'll do or 
not." 

"All right," he returned doggedly, " but I won't see 
her home." 

" Now don't say any more. I don't want to hear 
it," interposed Mrs. Parks. " You can tell me when 
she's gone." 

At about half-past nine Mrs. McDuff talked of going, 
but he took no notice; so Mrs. Parks and Bessie said 
they would go with her; then he offered to accompany 
them. 

After they returned Mrs. Parks demanded, " Now, 
Mr. Huddersfield, what's the matter?" 

" I know that woman's husband," he thundered. 
He had to leave her. She don't drink all the time, but 
she gets on drinking sprees, and keeps on till she gets 
the delirium tremens. Besides all that," and he seemed 
to swell out as his voice increased in volume, " she's 
got a lodger." 

"Well, well!" said Mrs. Parks. "I think there's 
enough without the lodger, we'll drop her." 

One day he came in and asked us all to go for a 
carriage drive with him. Mrs. Gayford excused her- 
self as she was afraid of horses, and was unwilling to 
take Nettie. Bessie was there and eager for the drive, 
so Mrs. Parks went with them. 



IIS 



THE GOLD MINIR8 



\ 1 



M 



I 



i; 



: 



I \i 



Jack, Mr. HuddMtfield'i hone, wm in grett ipiritt, 
and the ladka were proportionately nervouc All went 
well until tlMjr reached the long trenle bridge which 
[lowcj 8 torrent, nunbling among the rocks and ttonea 
below. 

Here they were brought up iharpty by another hone 
and rig in front of them. The bridge wat not wide 
tnough for two to pa«, and one muM back off to let the 
9ther over. 

Mr. Huddenfield tried to make Jack bade, but he 
only Mood on hit hind legi, and pawed the air with his 
fore feet. 

The ladiea thought every moment to find themaelvei 
predpitated below. Sjeeing it was useless for Mr. 
Huddeisfield to back off, the man in the other rig got 
down, and succeeded in getting out of the way himself. 

Mrs. Parks and Bessie looked at the lady in the other 
tig, and she looked at them, the two men scowled at 
each other, and passed on their different ways. 

They went on merrily enough after that, Mr. 
Huddenfield and Mn. Parks keeping up a lively con- 
venation, when, all of a sudden. Jack pricked up his 
eats, attempted to stand on his hind legs, trembled all 
over, and ended up by trying to turn round and round. 
Mr. Huddertfield did his best to hold the creature while 
he shouted, " Ladies, you'd better get out; there's some- 
thing wrong with Jack." 

When she was a safe distance from the unaccountable 
Jack, Mn. Parks said to Bessie, "This is the fint 
carriage ride I've taken in California, and I'll not want 
another very soon. We narrowly escaped being thrown 



i> 



THE GOLD MINERS 



•«3 



over (he bridge, ind killed among the rocki, and now 
the wretched hone has got a fit,- ju»t look at it." 

Two gentlemcii who were pauing, asked if they 
could be of any service, and went to examine Jack. 
They informed Mr. Huddcrefield that the horse had 
the " staggers," but would soon be better. 

As soon as Jack had recovered, Mr. Huddei«field 
wanted the ladies to get in the carriage again. That, 
Mrs. Parks declared she would not do. She would 
walk over to the mission, and take an omnibus home. 
This he wouldn't listen to, declaring he would never 
hear the last of it, if he took two ladies out for a 
carriage ride, and dumped them down in the sand hills. 
Timidly the ladies remounted the vehicle, and reached 
home in safety, and very thankful they were once more 
to stand on solid ground, and no persuasions ever 
induced them to go carriage riding with Mr. Hudders- 
field again. 

Some rime after this he came in and said he was going 
away for three months, and had come to say good-bye. 
After that time had elapsed, he called on us again, and 
said he felt of some importance m w, for he was engaged 
to be married. So of course Mrs. Parks wanted to hear 
all about the affair. 

"Well, the lady is an English old maid. She was 
engaged when she was quite young, but being poor 
gentle people, they had waited and waited, and the 
marriage had been put off in order to get something to 
make a start, and raise a family on. 

"At last the young man had an offer to come out to 
California as supercargo. He did very well, and bought 
some lots in a coast town, went to work and levelled 
H 






,14 THE GOLD MINERS 

them himself, sold them again and made considerable 
in the transaction. 

"When he'd been out here two years, bed got a 
house and lot of his own, and he sent for his lady love 
But was taken sick before she got here, and two weeks 
after he died; but he left her everything he had Ihat 
was four years ago. How I came to meet her, she 
heard I was from the old country, and she came and 
told me some man was trying to cheat her out of a 
thousand dollars; and she wanted my opm.on. One 
thing brought on another till we got engaged, and m 
thre! months we are to be married. So I shall be away 
most of that time." 

The ladies told him they should watch the papers 
about that time, for they would be sure to give h.rn a 
puff; and he must bring the lady to see them when they 
came to San Francisco. 

They watched the papers, but never saw anythmg 
,hnut the wedding. At last he walked m again one 
:v:lg and Mrs.'parks exclaimed, "Oh, Mr. Hudders- 
field, Where's the madam?" 

"That's all off, we've fell out!" 
Mrs. Parks went into Mrs. Gayford and told her^ 
" Here's Mr. Huddersfield, and no lady. He says 
they've fallen out. Come along, we shall hear all 
about it." 

It seemed the ladv had come up to San Francisco to 
try to get the thousand dollars, and he met her and 
Jd, " Now, Betsy, you must come up and look at my 
house, it is to be your future home, yo" k"°;;'- 

She looked through it, and then said, Oh, Mr. 



THE GOLD MINERS 



115 



Huddersiield, this is a large house; I could take in 
boardere." 

"Betsy, I don't want to live in a boarding house." 

"Well then, I could rent out three or four rooms." 
" I dr-.i'; A;iMi roomers," he roared, " and I won't have 
people prowling itxni'. the house all hours of the night. 
I wan IT.V house ti myself." 

" So tti'j- -iTie away and Miss Betsy was not in a 
very good humour; but he had Jack and the buggy 
brought round and took her for a ride. They went 
some miles, and the lady was still sulking. On the 
return drive he told her that he couldn't get his busi- 
ness settled to take her back next day, but he had given 
her in Charge of a friend of his. Mr. Simpkins will 
see you safe home," he told her. 

" I wouldn't be seen walking with Mr. Simpkins," 
she returned in a scornful manner. He turned upon her 
in his abrupt way, and in his loud voice, shouted, "Do 
you mean to say you'd lend a canting old hypocrite like 
Jonkins a thousand dollars, and you wouldn't be seen 
walking with an honest man like my friend Simpkins?" 

With that she began to give out shrill screams, and 
our old Jack took fright. Mr. Huddersiield said he 
might have bawled himself hoarse, and Jack would have 
taken no notice, but those feminine screeches made him 
nervous, and he shied from one side to the other. At 
last he went on a rock, and knocked the lady's bonnet 
down the bank, hanging by the strings, and Mr. Hudders- 
field's best stove pipe hat into the road. This vexed him 
so that he called 



the whip. 



Jack 



gave 



Miss Betsy screamed again, and told him he was a 



(' 



„6 THE GOLD MINERS 

violent man, and »id he had made the horse run away, 
and Aey would be killed; then she tried to jump out. 

At that time very large hoops and wide sk.r« were 
worn; so he caught both skirts and hoopS PUt Aem 
under him, and sat down upon them. She began to 
r^ again, and then she would laugh m a demomcal 

than ever. . 

Mr. Huddersficld said to her m > very loud vo.ce 
" lY you don't stop that, we shall all be k.Ued, you and 
me and Jack." ^ , 

So she quieted down, and he regamed control of Jack, 
and at last brought him to a standstill. 

He liberated Miss Betsy's skirts and sa>d, You can 
«t out now if you want to, but 1 can assure you^^you 
wfo^k very respectable. We both look as .f we 
S tal» 'a cLam^ne,' and had a rough and tumble 

"^He' offered to take her back to San Francisco if she 
would keep quiet, and he went back -J P.<4c^^;P ^ 
crushed hat, whilst she arranged her disordered atnre 
Jtell as 1 could, but they were a dishevelled lookmg 

""aL they had been driving silently along for some 
tiJe, Miss Betsy said, " I don't think you and I could 
get along together." To which he replied bluntly. J 
don't thik we could. Miss Betsy, and I'm very glad 
we found it out before we got married. 

Some time after that he was talking .t over with the 
ladies of the house and Bessie was there. 

Turning to her he said abruptly, "If I was only 



THE GOLD MINERS 



>i7 



twenty years younger, or you tventy year* older, you'd 
be the next." 

" Thank you, Mr. Huddersfield," returned Bessie 
demurely, "but there's 'somebody else!'" 

" Somebody else," he roared, in his big, base voice. 

" There's always ' somebody else.' " Grabbing up 
his hat^ out he rushed, and they never saw him again. 



n 



\i < 



m i 



CHAPTER XVIII 

JACK CAVFORD PROVIDES A HOME FOR HIS FAMILY- 
RE-UNION OF JACK AND BItLV-SIOHT-SEEING IN SAN 
FRANCISCO-MARRIAGE OF BESSIE AND BILLY-OLD 
FRIENDS IN NEW QUARTERS 

"WHO do you think we came across i" S=.n Fra„d«:o?" 
Billy couldn't guess. "Why your old friend Bessie 

"'r'^ing to hide his pleasure at bearing of her Billy 
asked as indifferently as he could, what she looked Ifte 
^ow, and if she was the same xhool g.rl she used to be 
^Oh she's greatly improved. She's m a fine drj 
good?;tore"on'MarLt Street. She's very brgt and 
fntelhVent and stylish looking, my w.fe and she were 
Ty ix,d friends They are suying in the same house, 
and think a lot of each other." 

Biir; made no remark, but seemed in a great hurry to 
reach San Francisco after that. 

Going directly to Mrs. Gayford's rooms, they me 
Mfe Bessi.. and Billy surrendered to the old attachment 
J;ltly. He was delighted with his friend's wife and 
drghte'r, and Jack made sure Billy would soon follow 
his example and join the ranks of the Benedicts. 

They took in all the sights of San Francisco, and 
with them went the lively Mrs. Parks. 



THE GOLD MINERS 



119 



One evening they went to see Caroline Chapman 
play. She was called "Charming Carry," and was one 
of the great theatrical attractions of the early fifties. 
She was a clever actress and an estimable in private life; 
but few people outside of her family knew why she 
remained single. 

While playing in the South, a mutual attachment 
sprung up between her and a Southern gentleman; but 
their course of true love was crossed by the pride of this 
gentleman's mother; who insisted that Miss Chapman 
should not only give up her profession, but that she 
should throw over her relatives. This Carrie refused 
to do, and a faded bouquet, carefully stowed away, was 
prized more highly than the presents of gold which were 
showered upon her, for it was all that was left to her of 
the romance of her life. 

Our friends were greatly delighted with the perform- 
ance of the Chapmans. 

Events followed each other in quick succession. 
Jack had the pleasure of being best man for Billy's 
marriage to Bessie. These happy young people returned 
to the store and bought out Billy's sister, thus setting 
her free to return to the North for which she had pined 
since her widowhood. 

The ship with the goods and chattels of the Gayfords 
having arrived, Jack took them up the country, and fixed 
up everything comfortably, in readiness for his wife 
and daughter, and a very nice place he made of it. He 
had a fine flower and vegetable garden, for things grow 
profusely in this sunny land, and everything presented 
a bright and homelike appearance, when he returned 
with his wife and little daughter. 



120 



THE GOLD MINERS 



After Mr. and Mrs. Gayford were comfortably settled 
in their new home, Jack asked his wife to go for a walk 
with him, and he led her into the grave yard up on the 
mountain side. Not many people were buried there, 
and those mostly miners, for the place had only been 
settled a short time. 

Under a nice shady tree, surrounded by a nice picket 
fence, was a grave with a marble slab, and upon it the 
name of the late Captain Van Wick. 

This marble head stone Jack had brought from New 
York, and erected to the memory of Mrs. Gayford'* 
first husband. She was overwhelmed at his thoughtful 
kindness, for this was the first intimation she had had 
of his intention. 

Mrs. Gayford's widowed friend, who had so kindly 
supplied the camp with papers and books, came with 
her son and settled near them: afterwards marrying a 
judge. So they had quite a little colony of their own. 
When Billy and his wife came to visit at Jack's way- 
side house, he was the proud father of a very fine son. 
As Nettie was showing him she said, "Oh ! I don't care 
htow many boys they have, but I don't want them to 
have a girl." 

Papa Gayford laughed and said, " they wouldn't have 
a girl till after she was married." 

" I shall never want to be married," she returned 
seriously, " for I couldn't love any one as much as I 
do my Papa Gayford and my dear Mamma." 



NEWPORT, SALOP : 
BINNION, HORHE AND CO.. ITD., PKINTBM. 



By the Same Author 

CANADIAN CAMP LIFE 

A Domestic Storjr of Life on the border land* o{ Caoada 
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a graphic picture of life in the Wild West, all the while 
skilfully weaving in a tale of love and adventure, which 
provides an element of interest of a more personal and 
intimate kind." — Abirdeen Daily Journal. 



NAN, AND OTHER PIONEER WOMEN 
OF THE WEST 

Is of peculiar interest to the women of the present day, 
as it speaks of the life of women in a new country. The 
character sketches of her sex are a strong point in Mrs. 
Hehing's writings, she having been a pioneer in British 
Columbia. Illustrated. Crown 8vo. Price 3/6. 



THE GOLD MINERS 

A sequel to "The Pathless West." With an Introduction 
by Judge F. W. Howay. Illustrated. Crown 8vo. 
Price 3/6. 



LoinX)M: 
FRANCIS GRIFFITHS, 34 MaioiM lM(t, Stiamd, W.C. 



By the Same Author 



ENA 



Ii a iimple itory o< > girl', life in the Old Country, who 
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"A pleasantly written novel, dealing with a sweet 
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u all the world to her. The author has proved herself 
to be a capable writer of fiction. Duty is the keynote of 
the story, and conscientiously and bravely does Ena seen 
to do her duty under difficult circumstances. She is a 
heroine."— r*< Gaulle. 



IN PREPARATION. 

AMONG THE PEOPLES OF BRITISH 
COLUMBIA 

Characteristics of the Cosmopolitan Life, where Occident 
and Orient meet in every day life, combined with an 
interesting story of love and adventure. Second Edition. 
Fully Illustrated. 



IN THE PATHLESS WEST 

Is the story of a boy captured by the North American 
Indians, and tells familiarly of the life of these little 
brown people. It is profusely illustrated. Second Edition. 



London : 
FRANCIS GRIFFITHS, 34 Maidek Uni, Stbaiid, W.C. 



Books on The English Bible 

Bv lUv. W. J. Heaiow, B.D. 

1. OUR OWN ENGLISH BIBLE 

ITS RANSLATORS AND THEIR WORK. With 56 
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Crown Svo. Gilt Top. Price 5/- net. 

"Mi. Hiaton has dealt akilfuUy with a difficult tubject, 
and produced a book which should be valued by all lovers 
of the Bible."— ^«i»ri/. 



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With 66 Facsimiles, Portraits and lUustraticns. Second 
Edition. Crown 8vo. Gilt Top. Price 5/. net. 

"An account at once learned and popular. Plentifully 
and appropriately illustrated. The book forms a worthy 
supplement to its writer's prior work." — Scotsman. 

3. THE PURITAN BIBLE 

AND OTHER CONTEMPORANEOUS PROTESTANT 
VERSIONS. With lOO Facsimiles, Portraits and Illustra- 
tions. Crown Svo. Gilt Top. Price 6/6 net. 



BRADFORD'S FIRST FREEMAN -SIR 
HENRY MITCHELL 

By Riv. W. }. HtATON. With i6 Illustrations. Crown 
Svo. Price 6/-, Edition de Luxe. 3/- cloth, and i/- paper 



London : 
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MARJORIB 

A NoTd. By Maiw Ruiuu. Crown 8to. Prlc* 6/- Ml. 
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WAITING 

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A HISTORY OF RHODESIA. 

By HowAiD HuisuAN. Price 6/- net, by pott 6/5. 



BRITISH GAME BIRDS. 

By Daxlxy Matbesoh. Profusely Illustrated. Demy 8vo. 
Price 10/6 net, by pott 10/10. 



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OLD ENGLISH PLAYS. 

EdiUu, with Intnduction ud NoW, by T. J. Cox. 

FJ0IK.P 8»o. P»P«' ""' " "«• '•>' ^^ ^- " 
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,. Th. Tr.gicl HUtoiy of Dr. F.urtu.. By CHiinopBii 
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a. A Womu KilUd 

HiVWOOD 



with KiDdnew. By Tmomai 



Every Man in Hi. Humour. By Bin Jonson. 



The M«id'i Tragedy. 
John Futcbw. 



By FtANCu BiAUMOWT »od 



Th. w.ri» ii ioecially designed for the book lover und 
rtud«t .Miou.TacoSire a knowledge of the dramatic 
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The LOVE LETTERS of KING HENRY VIIL 

With an Introduction by Ladmom Bi-ack. Paper 6d. net, 
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BRIDGE AND BRIDGE PLAYING. 

By S. M. GLUCKmiN. Paper. Price ■/- net, by port i/a. 
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SYDNEY SMITH. 

post I /a. 

LAYS AND LEGENDS. 

By C. G. ANDIISON, Author of " Thyme and Thirtledovrn." 
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WEST INDIAN FAIRY TALES. 

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Contains miscellaneous talks on the children uf the Old 
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TALKS TO GIRLS & BOYS ON SUNDAY 
MORNINGS. 

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By the Rev. S. P. Bivan. 
a/6 net, by post a/9. 



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LITTLE BEGINNINGS, 

AND OTHER TALKS TO BOYS AND GIRLS. By 
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by post 3/9. 

London : FRANCIS GRIFFITHS, 34 Maioin Lahi, Siiand. 







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The Entertainer's Library. 

Price 6d. Mt e«*. By port, 7<»- 
IUuitt.ted. Crown 8vo. Paper Cover. 

1 QUEER TRICKS IN FIGURES 

2 THE RAPID CALCULATOR 

^ CoaLs:ipropert.ie..of.Nu»^J.^So™^^^^^ 

oJ Subtraction, /»"?»"=»»)«'. »°A ^^^ How to do 
JJ^r^icViS 'J^n^^l n| I^^Uin^. Connnerce 

and Use o! Money, Facts and Trifles. 

a BASY CARD TRICKS 

glvt^g°Ca?d^V?rJ«"<S'c.';?, T^'Magic fweWe, 
Diving Card, etc., etc. 

4 EASY CONJURING TRICKS 

^.tieuUrs of 79 Conjuring Tricks. 

E THP ROOK OF PUZZLES 

^- c™t^??uriou, Pu».». Trfcks. Kiddles. Enigma., 
etc., etc. 

e. n« AWING ROOM GAMES 

'• JL^S, Si, o. « Drawing Room Games and Two 
Charades. 

7. PHRENOLOGY. How to Read the Head 
8 PALMISTRY. How to Read the Hand 
o HOW TO MAKE AN EVENING "GO" 

''■ "^Tricks. Gjmes, Catches. Charade.. Enigmas, 
Conundrums, etc., etc. 

t,0«K,» : FRANCIS GRIFFITHS. 34 Ma.d.h UW, Si.*W>. 



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